29 terms

heritage studies 6 chapter 8: Ancient Mayas

Heritage Studies 6
STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

mayan paper
made from the bark of the wild fig tree
cocoa beans
Mayas used it as money, they also made it into a hot chocolate drink that only the wealty could have
Mayan beauty & hygiene ideals
sloping foreheads, long noses, crossed eyes, tattoos, pierced ears, filed teeth, took frequent baths and used perfume, carried mirrors to check appearance
kings
lived in palaces, wore headdresses with quetzal plumes, called "the true man" or "the great sun lord", spoke to the gods on behalf of the people
priests
told fortunes; treated sick people; taught writing, astronomy, and mathematics;
zero
mathematical concept the Mayas developed
peasants
constructed monuments, were farmers, soldiers and farm workers
nobles
men and women were educated, lived near the center of the city, artists and architects
Mexico, Central America, Yucatan Peninsula
modern day areas where ancient Mayas were located
Olmecs
group of people who made six-foot stone sculptures of the heads of kings
slaves
sometimes used as sacrifices; criminals and debtors
jade
a very important stone to the Mayas, inlaid their teeth with it
pazole
drink made from corn paste, water and honey
Diego de Landa
Spanish priest that tried to convert the Mayas to Roman Catholicism; burned Mayan books because they had superstition and lies of the devil
AD250
by this time the Mayas dominated their region by building complex cities
famine, war, rebellion
reasons for the Mayas abandoning their cities
topography in Mayan lands
lowland, rainforest, mountains, plateaus
Mayan natural resources
lumber, coffee, cotton, rubber trees, spices, bananas, cocoa, sugar cane, minerals, lakes, rivers
lime
painted on paper to give it a white surface
leaves and mushrooms
eaten by Mayan priests to cause hallucinations they thought predicted the future
batab
the man in charge of the armies
Mayan paintings and sculptures
teach us how the Mayas looked
2 million
Mayan descendants living today
Books
Almost all are gone and the information about how they lived and thought too
1520
The year Spaniards arrived
pok-to-pok
popular Mayan game with a rubber ball, vertical hoop, and a marker on the side of a wall.
tamales
Mayan food made from corn meal and a meat filling
plaza
place where everyday life took place in a city: courts, markets, slave trading, etc.
Mayan inventions
zero, calendar, hot chocolate