IB Music-CONTEXT-World Music Terms and Instruments
Terms in this set (126)
Japan, flute. Sounds airy.
Andean/S. America, aka panpipe. flute.
Armenian/Middle Eastern, flute
Andean, Used throughout. flute.
Middle East, lute
Andean (Peru), lute
Middle East, lute
China, lute. Moon guitar.
India, lute (dronelike; Tanpura in the north)
China, rebab (Bowed string)
Middle East, rebab (Bowed string)
India, rebab (Bowed string)
Ivory Coast, percussion (scraper, like guirro)
Middle East, percussion
Nigeria, Middle East, percussion
Middle East, percussion (tambourine)
China, dulcimer/zither (hammered)
Sitar player for Beatles, aka Norah Jones' dad
produce sound by a vibrating column of air
produce sound by being struck, scraped, or shaken
produce sound by striking or rubbing a membrane which is stretched across a resonating chamber
produce sound by striking or rubbing a tight string
use electricity to produce sound
Indonesia, gamelan. use metal.
wind instrument used in aboriginal music
A technique used, particularly in Didgeridoo playing
melodic pattern used in music of India; prescribes pitches, patterns, ornamentation, and extramusical associations such as time of performance and emotional character
Fretted plucked lute used in Indian music, usually plays the melody
Main Indian drone instrument: a fretless plucked lute
The principal percussion instrument in Indian music, a set of two drums with a coat of metal filing on the centre
Fretless plucked lute used in Indian music, plays the melody
The improvising section in the beginning of Raga that is slow and has no pulse and introduces the notes of the Raga (without tabla)
main section in Indian music that uses a composed musical idea
Metric cycle in Indian music
A 16-beat metric cycle (i.e., tala) used in Indian music, usually in 4 equal divisions
Special Indian technique on string instrument. A slide from 1 note to another (achieved by pulling the string at the right angle to the frets until reaching the require note)
Special Indian technique on string instrument, a fast meend ornament by quick pulling the string away then let it move back
A decorative phrase used in Indian music, featuring rapid rising & falling scales
Main percussion instrument used in bhungra (sikh) music from East Punjab. A double headed drum played with sticks and used in ceremonies
a free-reed Western instrument in which air is forced through the reeds by bellows, used in churches
East Asia ensemble that includes wind and percussion instruments
East Asia bowl-shaped hand cymbal, function as time-keeper
East Asia reed instrument
East Asia vertical flute instrument, reedless (aperture instead of reed), bamboo
Thai tuning system
divides the octave into seven equidistant steps, instead of twelve as in Western music
bamboo mouth organ from East Asia, sound similar to a violin
Largest gong in gamelan ensemble, most important percussion instrument, marks the end of the beat cycle,
a type of metallophone that often plays the main melody in Gamelan music
flute used in gamelan music
occurs in much music of the Vietnam, Thai and Indonesian music caused by the dissonant tuning system of the instruments
traditional Chinese plucked seven-string zither
any scale with five pitches
Chinese transverse bamboo flute
Chinese fretted plucked lute
hammered zither from China is believed to be a descendent of the Iranian santur
Chinese two-stringed bowed fiddle
East Asian plucked zither
East Asian fretless plucked lute
Middle Eastern fretless plucked lute
Middle Eastern long-necked fretted plucked lute, two courses of metal strings
Middle Eastern mode
Middle Eastern unmetered instrumental performance
tuning system in Arabic music
Divides the octave into 24 pitches
Iranian hammered zither
mode in the Persian classical tradition
short melodic compositions based on a particular Dastgah
Egyptian musical ensemble usually plays metric music
Middle Eastern fretless bowed lute, 3- 4 strings, long upper neck and lower bowl-shaped resonating chamber
Middle Eastern plucked zither with a trapezoidal soundboard
Middle Eastern flute
Middle Eastern tambourine
Middle Eastern drum
Greek style of singing
Spanish dance and style of music
Russian fretted plucked lute, triangle shape
a musical form common to Highland Pipe performance, essentially a "Theme and Variation"
Hungarian instrument. Sounds similar to bagpipes but with a buzzing sound.
African small instrument with metal bars that are plucked (also called thumb piano or kalimba)
African (Uganda) xylophone using pentatonic scale. Has 10 - 20 keys, played by 1 - 4 people
African musician who teaches others orally
feature of Gamelan: music organized into cycles defined by period punctuation by a specific instrument
African xylophone, fixed-key or free-key, 17 - 21 notes
A texture which only has a single melodic line with no accompaniment
A texture which has multiple melodic voices
A texture which has both melody and accompaniment where the melody stands out while the others form a background of harmonic accompaniment
A texture which has two or more voices simultaneously performing variations of the same melody
a scale with six pitches (often these "gapped scales" appear in Celtic music)
seven note scales with movement by half steps and whole steps (eg major, minor, modes)
a scale common in Eastern Europe containing two augmented seconds (minor with raised fourth and seventh)
The traditional musical ensemble of Java and Bali in Indonesia, made up by percussion and metallophone instruments.
a tuning system in javanese gamelan with seven notes, but one chooses five to play at a time; number notation
Indonesia. 5 note scale of somewhat equidistant intervals
uneven groupings of beats in a bar - frequently found in Eastern Europe
a shift in the rhythmic pulse from a division of 2 to a division of 3, or vice versa. i.e. 6-8 time meter into 3-4 time meter.
Rhythms based on different subdivision of the beat are played simultaneously
genre of Brazilian music, which developed and was popularized in the 1950s and '60s and is today one of the best-known Brazilian music genres abroad. lyrical fusion of samba and jazz.
In salsa, the central rhythmic pattern underlying the entire structure of the music, around which the other parts must fit. The rhythm is usually played on a pair of wooden sticks called claves.
The use of scales (modes) in which the pattern of whole steps and half steps is different from conventional major and minor scales (for example: Dorian, Lydian, Mixolydian, etc.). It was common in music of the Middle Ages and Renaissance (before the time of tonality), and found in Western European folk music: rediscovered by 20th-century composers.
Hungarian dulcimer, a large, trapezoidal box with metal strings stretching on top.
Bulgarian women's chant
Homophonic women's chant with dissonant intervals and irregular meter.
Irish music tune type which is in 4/4 or 2/4.
Irish music tune type which is usually in duple compound meters, e.g. 6/8, 9/8, 12/8.