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Assessments in Special Education
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Terms in this set (56)
Ability Testing
tests an individuals ability in a certain task, skill, or job; acquiring skills
Achievement Test
a test of developed skill or knowledge; standardized testing in a given grade level
Age Equivalent
skill or ability based or expressed at a certain age; an average performance ability at age level
Aptitude Tests
strictly timed tests with questions to assess your knowledge; similar to ability tests
Battery
state law establishes concrete guidelines for what is deemed battery of a school employee in a school setting by a student
Competency Tests
valid & reliable tests that assess knowledge in a specific area; nursing, law
Composite Score
measurement based on multiple data points; IQ test
Conversion Table
A chart used to translate test scores into different measures of performance (e.g., grade equivalents and percentile ranks).
Criterion-Referenced Tests
designed to measure student performance against a fixed set of predetermined criteria or learning standards
Cirriculum-Based Measurement (CBM)
is a method teachers use to find out how students are progressing in basic academic areas such as math, reading, writing, and spelling (CBM can be helpful to parents because it provides current, week-by-week information on the progress their children are making)
Derived Score
come from large sets of data; percentile ranks, standard scores, grade equivalents, age equivalents
Diagnostic Teaching
helping students to learn to detect, understand and correct misconceptions in their own and their fellow students work.
Diagnostic Test
assessment that occurs before instruction begins; the purpose is to try to determine what students already know
Discrepancy Analysis
task analysis used to organize the steps of a task to be taught and to assess instruction by identifying the discrepancy between how an individual with a disability performs the task as compared to a nondisabled person
Duration Recording
document the amount of time a student spends engaging in a behavior; has a clear beginning and ending
Dynamic Assessment
a language assessment which seeks to identify the skills that an individual child possesses as well as their learning potential
Equivalent Forms
different but similar tests covering the same concepts are given to different groups
Event Recording
process for documenting the number of times a behavior occurs
Frequency Distribution
show the number of students who received various scores on a particular exam
Functional Assessment
an approach to figuring out why your child acts a certain way. It uses a variety of techniques to understand what's behind inappropriate behaviors; including non-academic
Grade Equivalents
the grade level of the average student who would have done as well as this student faired on these particular test questions
Interval
a way to divide data into groups; distance between (0-5)
Inter Rater Reliability
measure of reliability used to assess the degree to which different judges or raters agree in their assessment decisions
Latency
measuring how long it takes for a behavior to begin after a specific verbal demand or event has occurred
Learning Aptitude
evaluate a person's ability to learn a skill or subject; natural skill & capacity to learn
Mastery Test
An assessment that shows mastery of a given skill or concept. If a student struggles to pass, he or she may be lacking a prerequisite skill; based on the premise that students will achieve a high level of understanding in a given domain if they are given enough time
Miscue
a mistake in reading written words such as saying the wrong word, leaving out a word, repeating a word, inserting a word, etc.
Miscue Analysis
An examination of reading errors or substitutions (miscues) as the basis for determining the strengths and weaknesses of students' reading skills
National Percentile Rank (NPR)
the percentage of scores in its frequency distribution that are equal to or lower than it; a test score that is greater than 75% of the scores of people taking the test is said to be at the 75th percentile
Nominal
simplest form of data measurement
Normal Distribution Curve
the bell-shaped curve that results from plotting continuous variation data on a graph
Ordinal
variable for which the possible values are ordered
Portfolio
a compilation of academic work and other forms of educational evidence assembled
Portfolio Assessment
assessment form that learners do together with their teachers, and is an alternative to the classic classroom test; the portfolio contains samples of the learner's work and shows growth over time
Pre-Referral Strategies
tries reasonable accommodations and modifications before a student is referred for special education assessment
Profile
a document, project, or even conversation that helps teachers learn more about their students
Protocol
set of step-by-step guidelines
Rating Scale
tools that state specific criteria and allow teachers and students to gather information and to make judgments about what students know and can do in relation to the outcomes; similar to a rubric
Raw Score
a test score that has not been transformed or converted in any way; an unaltered measurement of how you did
Scaled Score
is the result of some transformation(s) applied to the raw score
Sequence Analysis
the cycle of planning and teaching, assessing and reflecting that a teacher undertakes on a regular basis
Sociometric Technique
a method of evaluating the social acceptance of individual students within their peer groups
Speed Test
a psychological test for the maximum speed of performing a task that lies well within the subject's power
Standard Score
a score that expresses an individual's position relative to the mean, based on the standard deviation
Standard Error of Measurement
hypothetical estimate of variation in scores if testing were repeated; estimates how repeated measures of a person on the same instrument tend to be distributed around his or her "true" score
Standardization
consistent manner; makes it possible to compare
Stanine
standard nine; method of scaling from 0-9
Subtest
A smaller sub-group of test items that comprise a larger or complete battery of test measuring a specific area (i.e., processing speed, working memory, math calculation and reading comprehension).
T-Score
standard score with a mean of 50 and a standard deviation of 10; standardized scores on each dimension for each type
Test Bias
refers to the differential validity of test scores for groups (age, race, gender, etc.)
Time-Sample Recording
a method of collecting data or information in which you watch research participants for a specific amount of time and record whether or not a particular behavior or activity took place
Transdisciplinary Team
members come together from the beginning to jointly communicate, exchange ideas and work together to come up with solutions to problems
Transition
when students move from elementary school to middle school, from middle school to high school, and from high school to college
Work Sample Analysis
An informal assessment technique in which samples of student work are studied; giving the candidate a sample of typical work to do and evaluating their performance
Assessment
measurements of performance
Progress
the improvements made by individual or a group of students
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