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AP World Unit 1 test

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What different societies were not able to emerge from the neolithic revolution?
theocracies
before settling down into permanent agricultural societies, the paleolithic peoples of the fertile crescent had developed all of the following techniques or technologies except
elaborate traps for capturing and storing eels
features that distinguish Shang and Zhou China from other early civilizations are the
mandate of heaven, emphasis on the wisdom of ancestors, dynastic cycles
which of the first civilizations experienced the greatest cultural continuity from its earliest formation into modern times
China
what made the Olmec and Chavin civilizations different from other early civilizations
they were not located in river valleys
which of the following speices of large animals did not become extinct after the arrival of the Clovis people in the Americas
bison
which of the following crops was the first grain to be domesticated in sub-saharan africa
sorghum
which of the following accuratley compares ancient Egypt with ancient Mesopotamia
mesopotamians produced a law code; Egypt prob did not
what is the name given to the paleolithic figurines found all across Europe that depict the female form
Venus
bows and arrows were invented seperatly in all of the following places except
the americas
which of the following was not a feature of gathering and hunting paleolithic societies
significant specialization within a group with "prof" tool makers
not an explanation for why neolithic revolution is seen as a marker event in world history
humans designed horticultural tools that became much more advanaced allowing for larger more advanced food production
why is so little know about the ancient Indus River Valley people
inscriptions on artifacts are too brief to allow the interpretation of their language
what hindered the spread of maize in the americas during the neolithic period
north/south orientation of the americas
which of the following in not evidence that paleolithic humans possessed a rich ceremonial life
their construction of small, egyptian-style pyramids
the summerians, akkadians, and babylonians were all people who lived in
mesopotamia
which of the following was not one of the first civilizations
Greece
problem caused instability in ancient mesopotamia
salinization of soil, invasions by outsiders, and rivalry among its separate city-states
global warming following the last ice age
allowed groups of humans to settle more permanently in single locations
provided the economic foundation for civilization
agriculture
scholars have noted that paleolithic humans played a role in shaping their environment by
deliberately setting fires to encourage the growth of particular plants
the end of the last ice age laid foundaiton for the agricultural revolution
by creating a warmer, wetter, and more stable climate
was settled most recently by human beings
new zealand
was not built on a foundation of grain-based agriculture
Norte Chico (maize)
pastoral societies emerged in all of the following regions except
the Americas (emerged in sub-saharan africa, central asia, the arabian peninsula)
which of the following accurately describes an important change in Egypt from earlier eras to the new kingdom
egypt became more expansionistic and had more contact with other civilizations
human accomplishment that emerged with the first civilizations
writing
how did church culture not differ from the san culture
the san had highly developed innovations, chumash relied on stone-age tools
in practicing divination, mesopotamians studies the stars as well as animal organs. chinese shamans were better known for studying
oracle bones
not connected by a land bridge created during the last ice age
north america and europe (were: australia and new guinea, sibera and alaska, and britain and continental europe)
not an early agriculutural settlement
Babylon (were:banpo, catalhuyuk, jericho)
not a characteristic that most historians use to distinguish civilizations form other early human organizations
the existence of settled agriculture (is: the creation of food surplus, specialized occupations, clear social class distinctions)
the economic system that humans first used for survival was
hunting and gathering
homo sapiens first emerged in what region
africa
the territory of ancient mesopotamia is presently occupied by
Iraq
in which of the following areas did agriculture not develop separately and independently
india (did: the andes, mesoamerica, new guinea)
which was the last of the first civilizations to emerge
olmec
which of the following distinguishes the development of agr. in the fertile crescent from the development of agr. in sub-sahara africa
only sub-sahara africa did several widely scattered farming practices emerge
was shared feature of both chiefdoms and agri. societies
both were based around permanent agr. settlements, possessed social/economic inequalities, and possessed mechanisms for resolving internal disputes
scholars have not advanced as a possible explanation for the emergence of patriarchy in the first civilization
the increased role of women outside the home
historians' usual definition of civilization
a human society that includes cities and states
lack of large animals in mesoamerica and north america meant that
agri. societies in these regions relied more hunting than did peoples elsewhere, these regions did not develop the plow technology, these regions had to develop alternatives to manure to fertilize crops
not a tech. associated with the agri. revolution
windmills (are: looms, plows, metallurgy)
have not been put forward by scholars as an explanation fro early cave paintings
that the cave paintings are early maps (have: cave paintings served relgious purposes, cave paintings provided info for future generations, and cave paintings were a form of hunting magic)
which of the following developments occurred virtually everywhere that Pacific island colonists went
settlers created highly stratified societies or chiefdoms
was not among the pressures of incentives to increase food production during the agri. revolution
competition with other hominids
the rulers of this first civilization held authority thanks to the mandate of heaven
china
which of the following did not support kingship in the first civilizations
the authority of a written constitution (did: physical force, needs of defense, and belief that the office of king was divinely ordained
which of the following statements about ancient egypt is false
egyptians believed that only the pharaohs enjoyed eternal life (truth: the state was ruled by pharaohs, who were believed to be gods in human form, cities were less important in Egypt than in Mesopotamia, Egypt had a very stable agri. system)
which of the following is a feature of the secondary products revolution
the harvesting of wool from animals
the three "C"s of world history are
connection, comparison, and change
the first civilizations suffered from deep social inequalities expressed in the differences in
wealth, gender roles, and economic function
in which of the following regions were animals domesticated before crops were
northeast africa
which human migration was the first in which boats were used
migration to Australia
which of the following animals is mismatched with one of its probable areas of first domestication
goats/east Asia (correct: sheep/southwest asia, cows/Eurasia, and camels/arabia)
which of the following animals was not independently domesticated in the fertile crescent
donkey (was: sheep, goats, and pigs)
which of the following have scholars not advanced as a possible explanation for the origins of the first civilizations
settlement of nomads (possible explanations: a need to organize large-scale irrigation projects, warfare, and competition between societies where rich agri. land was limited)
which of the following groups was least strongly tied to the web of commerce and cultures that existed between 1700 and 1100 BCE
china (strongly tied: egypt, mesopotamia, and the hitties)
scholars estimate that the population of humans on the planet around 10,000 years ago was
6 million