Cold War Vocabulary
Terms in this set (29)
A conflict that was between the US and the Soviet Union. The nations never directly confronted each other on the battlefield but deadly threats went on for years. It was war fought based on words and ideas instead of bloodshed.
government where the leader dictates and controls the ways to produce and manage resources in a country or territory. The main goal of this type of government is to take all private property, such as homes, land, or money, and give it away to the general public (spread the wealth) only after the government takes what it wants.
A form of government in which the leader has absolute power and authority. The people have no rights nor freedom.
ruled the USSR from 1958-1964 during the Cuban Missile Crisis.
John F Kennedy
President of the US from January 20, 1961 - November 22, 1963 when he was assassinated.
He led the U.S. during the Bay of Pigs Invasion and the Cuban Missile Crisis.
An agreement to work together; during WWI, WWII, and the Cold War countries agreed to work together and come to each others defense in the event of war.
A Communist nation, consisting of Russia and 14 other states, that existed from 1922 to 1991. Was also called the USSR for some time.
Winston Churchill's term for the Cold War division between the Soviet-dominated East and the U.S.-dominated West.
an agreement made by opposite sides in a war to stop fighting for a certain time; a truce.
1947, President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism, mainly helped Greece and Turkey
A United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction or rebuilding of Europe after WWII (during the Cold War)
Policy introduced by Harry S. Truman in his Truman Doctrine, after WWII that said it was the job of the U.S. to stop the spread of Communism
A place where weapons and ammunition are stored
to remove all military forces from (an area).
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
An international organization that has joined together for military purposes
a communist country, divided at the 38th parallel, supported by the Soviet Union; It was the first major conflict of the Cold War where fighting did take place as it tried to spread communism to the entire country.
a republic, divided at the 38th parallel, supported by the United States; It was the first major conflict of the Cold War where fighting did take place as it tried to keep communism from spreading onto their territory.
A piece of land that is surrounded by water on three sides.
in 1948 this mission supplied food and fuel to citizens of west Berlin when the Soviets closed off land access to Berlin
A barrier surrounding West Berlin, Germany, built in 1961 to prevent East German citizens from traveling to the West. Its demolition in 1989 symbolized the end of the Cold War. This wall was both a way to keep individuals from trying to escape and a symbol of repression to the free world.
The part of the capital city of Berlin that was under control of the Soviet Union World War II; the people were trapped on the communist side unable to escape to freedom.
was the part of Berlin that was occupied by the United States, Great Britain and France until 1991. The Soviets blocked any resources from coming into this part of Berlin by closing out railways and shipping routes.
Line that divided Korea - Soviet Union occupied the north and United States occupied the south, during the Cold War.
Cuban socialist leader who overthrew a Batista, a dictator in 1959 and established a socialist state in Cuba; He allowed the Soviets to store missiles on his island during the Cuban Missile Crisis.
Nuclear Arms Race
Cold War competition between U.S. and Soviet Union to develop the most advanced nuclear weapons.
A prolonged war (1954-1975) between the communist armies of Northern sector who were supported by the Chinese and the non-communist armies of Southern sector who were supported by the United States.
1981-1989, "Great Communicator" - when Mikhail Gorbachev became the leader of the Soviet Union, he saw an opportunity for peace. Is famous for his speech at the Berlin Wall where he said to Gorbachev "Mr. Chairman, tear down this wall".
Cuban Missile Crisis
1962 crisis that arose between the United States and the Soviet Union over a Soviet attempt to store and possibly deploy nuclear missiles in Cuba
Bay of Pigs
An unsuccessful invasion of Cuba in 1961, which was sponsored by the United States. Its purpose was to overthrow Cuban dictator Fidel Castro.
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