wordwright vocab (february 19)
Terms in this set (62)
to pass gradually into another state or condition
having to do with the chemical processes that occur within a living organism in order to maintain life; ( ) is the result of all the processes in your body working together
Things that are ( ) don't look the same way they used to — they're damaged or spoiled in some way. People can even be described this way, especially when an accident leaves scars or otherwise damages the way they look.
You know that group of people — friends, assistants, bodyguards — that are always surrounding you everywhere you go?
Something that is ( ) stands out, but not in a good way — it means "really bad or offensive." If you make an ( ) error during a championship soccer match, your coach might bench you for the rest of the game. . Some synonyms are shocking, appalling, and intolerable.
it's immaculately clean or has never been used.
an underlying, implied meaning in a conversation or a literary text. Ex. Her letter might have even seemed cheerful to someone who didn't know her, but to me, the ( ) was that she was in trouble.
to understand it thoroughly, and is usually used in the negative,
apply or spread a lot of it. Before it came to mean "spread liberally" in the nineteenth century, people in parts of England used it to mean "slip or slide." Today we use this informal verb to describe smearing or rubbing,
strange, out-of-the-ordinary, sometimes weirdly attractive behavior or dress. Sleeping with your boots on is pretty normal if you're a cowboy, but leaving them on for bedtime in your city apartment, that shows some ( )
If all your friends wear jeans to school and you wear checkered slacks, you could say you reject ( ) — doing the same thing as everyone else. — for example, a one-story house built in ( ) to the low-slung buildings that surround it. It's common for conformity to follow the word in.
showy, bright and definitely tacky. So think twice about that ( ) rainbow-colored suit and shiny gold shoes ensemble. adjective that means "ostentatious" — in other words, flashy and in your face, and not in a good way.
Whether we're talking about a fog light for your boat or just a nice hat to go with your boating outfit, it's something you add to something else to make it better.
swallow it or otherwise consume it. If you don't ( ) enough iron, you'll feel tired and weak and you'll look pale. Trees ( ) carbon dioxide, and humans ingest the oxygen that trees in turn produce.
when you look at something really closely, like when you are checking a test for mistakes. can also be an intense look, like when your mother looks at you — trying to tell if you might be lying. which means "to search," but which originally meant, "to sort trash." When your work is under scrutiny, it's like your teacher is looking for any trash that can be edited out. If your outfit is under scrutiny, your mom is checking to see if your skirt is long enough for school; she's making sure you don't look trashy.
indispensable / indispensability
adjective for something that you couldn't do without. If you have asthma and you're packing for summer vacation, your inhaler is ( ) unless you enjoy gasping on the beach.
an explosive material that is easily molded around the object it is intended to destroy
dead-end street, particularly one with a circle for turning around at the end. designed to slow and limit the number of cars that pass through residential areas —typically mostly traveled by people who live there.
You feel ( ) when you miss your childhood, people you know but haven't seen in a while or the things that bring you comfort, like the ( ) memories you feel when you listen to the songs you loved when you were little. describes someone who is homesick and wants to be back at home with family. It always involves a wistful memory of times that now seem better or simpler.
the mood or setting of a place. You might like the ( ) of a certain restaurant because the lighting and decor makes you feel comfortable and happy. whatever sights, smells, sounds, and even sensations or textures fill the space.
to cause to act or occur. Violent words can (
) violent actions which, in turn, might( ) public outcry against violence. comes from a Latin verb meaning "to move into action" and if you (
) someone to do something, that is exactly how to describe it.
Use the verb when you want to turn something away. You might drench yourself in bug spray to ( ) the mosquitoes that plague you when you go camping.
(stick to) If you don't want monkey droppings to ( ) to the sole of your shoe, watch where you're walking. Maybe if you'd ( ), or stick to, the zoo rules and stay on the walking path, you wouldn't have to worry about it.
repeat, or happen again. used to describe something that happens over and over,
young women who are attractive and "suitable for marriage" (which honestly sounds sort of chauvinistic). Feminist idealism aside, ( ) is a flattering term for a gal. It means youthful and sexy. ( ) is used more now in describing a gal who is hot and sexy — more ideal for the hip-hop video shoot, not co-hosting your family for Thanksgiving.
spotless, pure, and clean as fresh snow on a far-off mountain.
high-class and refined, it is often used today in a somewhat mocking tone, as though good manners and elegance are passé.
certain mammals' noses, especially long and flexible ones such as an elephant's trunk or a tapir's snout.
an informal social gathering at which coffee is served
identify the differences between things, to discriminate among them.
blasé, not taking too seriously
language is casual and conversational: it's the difference between "What are you going to do?" and "Whatchagonnado?"
eccentric (adj. )
You're most likely to encounter the adjective ( ) in a description of an unusual or quirky person — like a scatterbrained aunt who leaves her life savings to her cat. From the Greek ekkentros, "out of the center," this word originally had to do with the orbits of planets that were observed to be slightly out of whack. Eventually it came to describe people who were a little kooky, both as an adjective and as a noun, too
jokingly/ sarcastically. a work that is intended to ridicule the shortcomings and antics of a person or group.
feeling of anxiety and frustration that isn't specific. People often feel ( ) about the state of the world, or about the state of their homework
describes words that have the same consonant sound at the beginning, like "Stellar students synthesize sweet sentences." It's a time-honored poetic device to make a string of words start with the same consonant sound,
If a waiter served you a whole fish and a scoop of chocolate ice cream on the same plate, your surprise might be caused by the( ) or the side-by-side contrast, of the two foods. Any time unlike things bump up against each other, you can describe it as a ( ). ( ) of two contrasting items is often done deliberately in writing, music, or art — in order to highlight their differences.
direct and uninhibited, especially about sexual subjects or bodily functions; open, talking directly about subjects others may avoid
using exaggeration for effect
the attitude of a writer as revealed through his language
straightforward and honest
makes a big display of knowing obscure facts and details. someone who's too concerned with literal accuracy or formality. It's a negative term that implies someone is showing off book learning or trivia, especially in a tiresome way.
make an analogy between two things to show how one resembles the other in some way. When a character from Shakespeare calls the world his oyster, that's his boastful way of saying that all the riches of the world are his for the taking, like plucking a pearl from an oyster shell. Shakespeare also wrote, "All the world's a stage." Oyster? Stage? Come on, Will, get your ( ) sraight!
the choice of words and style of expression that an author makes and uses
something that doesn't work the way it should. If you know all the printers at the school computer lab are ( ) it's better to print your book report at home.
The noun ( ) is a descriptive nickname, such as "Richard the Lionhearted," or "Tommy the Terrible." When it takes a turn for the worse, it can also be a word or phrase that offends. An epithet can be harmless, a nickname that catches on, like all hockey fans knowing that "Sid the Kid" is Sidney Crosby. On the flip side, an ( ) can be an abusive word or phrase that should never be used, like a racial ( ) that offends and angers everyone.
scorn or show contempt for. As a verb, it means to scorn, as in, for example, to scorn a law, person, or social norm by defying it.
when you say a lot less than you could. If you say "We didn't do our best" when your team loses 56 to 0, that's quite an ( ) So is "It's a bit warm" (when one is sweating profusely in a sauna or traveling through a desert at midday)( ) is a way of speaking which minimizes the significance of something. When using understatement, a speaker or writer often employs restraint in describing the situation at hand and uses an expression with less emphasis or strength than would be expected.
a discrepancy between expectation and reality, such when someone says the opposite of what he really means or a situation that turns out to be amusingly different from what we expected, such as a firetruck catching on fire.
A sentence in which the main point is held off or not completed until the very end, usually building suspense through phrases or lesser clauses until it finally completes the main clause with the final words of the sentence, which are emphasized through the lead up to them.
Example: "And though I have the gift of prophecy, and understand all mysteries, and all knowledge; and though I have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, and have not charity, I am nothing." - The King James Bible (I Corinthians 13)
syntactic parallelism, parallelism, parallel structure, parallel syntactic elements...
This describes the repetition of similar grammatical units, which create a rhythm. For example: I walked down the long, winding driveway, onto the unpaved, gravelly road, all the way to the nearest gas station, and into the dingiest, smelliest ladies' room on the face of the earth to retrieve my next covert assignment from the trash can where my boss had hidden it.
this refers to a style of language that makes the text seem like oratory, which is the art of making very formal speeches that have the purpose of intense persuasion, often to change the audience's feelings and beliefs; so to say an author uses an ( ) is to say he uses formal language, an impassioned tone, and has a strongly persuasive purpose to this piece of writing.
posing a question that is not desiring or expecting a response, but is asked to make a point in a text
a refrain is a phrase that is repeated for effect in a text
the same or similar, like a room full of identically dressed Elvis impersonators.
reserved, not loud and talkative. The word itself refers to the trait of reticence, of seeming aloof and uncommunicative.
is free of slang, idioms, colloquialisms, and contractions. It often contains polysyllabic words, sophisticated syntax, and elegant word choice.
deceitful, dishonest, two-faced
something of many parts that is put together. a ( ) can be a skyscraper, an outhouse, your body, or a sentence.
When something is far-reaching or expansive it is (
). When your friend knows every single place and time that his favorite band has played any given song, he has ( ) knowledge of that band. Use the adjective for something that goes on and on and on.
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