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AP Human Geography Unit 4 - Quizlet (2019)
Terms in this set (82)
Process by which a state breaks down through conflicts among its ethnicities
Binational or Multinational State
State that contains more than one nation (usually no one single dominant ethnic group)
invisible line that marks the extent of a state's territory
An attitude that tends to unify people and enhance support for a state
a force that divides people and countries
A conflict that was between the US and the Soviet Union. The nations never directly confronted each other on the battlefield but deadly threats went on for years.
a group of people who leave their native country to form in a new land a settlement subject to, or connected with, the parent nation.
An economic system in which the government controls a country's economy.
A state in which the distance from the center to any boundary does not vary significantly
A system consisting of a league of independent states, each having essentially sovereign powers. The central government created by such a league has only limited powers over the states.
the boundaries between states are set by ethical differences, especially those based on language and/or religion. Also called Cultural Boundaries.
the portion of a country that contains its economic, political, intellectual, and cultural focus.
A model of the spatial structure of development in which underdeveloped countries are defined by their dependence on a developed core region.
an invisible boundary made by the certain cultural beliefs and traits that make the culture
the spread of representative government to more countries and the process of making governments more representative
Movement of power from the central government to regional governments within the state.
Conflicts over location, usually associated with physical boundaries. Where the boundary SHOULD be
Disagreements over the possession/control of land between two or more states, or over the possession or control of land. Who the boundary belongs to
disagreements over the control or use of shared resources, such as boundary rivers or jointly claimed fishing grounds
disagreements between neighboring states over policies to be applied to their common border; often induced by differing customs regulations, movement of nomadic groups, or illegal immigration or emigration.
Interest rates, inflation, unemployment, economic growth, and other factors that affect the general health and well-being of a nation or the regional economy of an organization.
The study of the geographical elements of the organization and results of elections.
A state with a long narrow shape
A distinct region or community enclosed within a larger territory
A part of a country that is separated from the rest of the country and surrounded by foreign territory.
where an ethnic group shares a well-developed sense of belonging to the same culture
The identification and loyalty a person may feel for his or her nation.
A 2004 European Union document, not yet ratified, which significantly increased the extent of European unity.
European Monetary Union
the agreement among the participating member states of the European Union to adopt a single hard currency and monetary system.
An international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members
government systems that divide the powers between the national government and state or provincial governments
Capital city positioned in actually or potentially contested territory usually near an international border, it confirms the states determination to maintain its presence in the region in contention.
Adherence to or embracing of regional and even local political authority, economic development, social and cultural associations, ethnic or national divisions.
A state that includes several discontinuous pieces of territory
A zone separating two states in which neither state exercises political control.
Political boundaries that are defined and delimited by straight lines.
Process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power.
An interest in or taking of land for its strategic location or products
Actions or processes that involve the entire world and result in making something worldwide in scope.
the system or form by which a community or other political unit is governed
Hypothesis that any political power based in the heart of Eurasia could gain enough strength to eventually dominate the world.
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, socially, and economically.
Complex social organizations such as governments, economies, and education systems
Allows separate systems to communicate directly with each other.
boundaries that divide the interiors of a country into sections
The policy of a state wishing to incorporate within itself territory inhabited by people who have ethnic or linguistic links with the country but that lies within a neighboring state.
state surrounded by other land with no direct outlet to the sea
Economic decisions are made by individuals or the open market.
The state's recreation of a market in which property, labor, goods, and services can all function in a competitive environment to determine their value.
lines made to distribute water ways when states are within 200 miles of each other
A state or territory that is small in both size and population.
rearranging districts to allow a minority representative to be elected
area in which the majority of the constituents in the district are racial or ethnic minorities. used to sway electoral votes
A combination of a command and market economy
Government policy that attempts to manage the economy by controlling the money supply and thus interest rates.
a state that has more than one dominant region in terms of economics or politics (e.g., US, South Africa)
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
A country whose population shares a common identity.
a state that completely surrounds another
boundary defined by a physical land mark like a river or a lake
An overall set of values widely shared within a society
Politicization of Religion
the use of religious principles to promote political ends or not
the activities associated with the governance of a country or other area, especially the debate or conflict among individuals or parties having or hoping to achieve power.
The largest settlement in a country, if it has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement.
To change from government or public ownership or control to private ownership or control.
father of modern political geography
The position of a place in relation to another place
Nicholas Spykman's theory that the domination of the coastal fringes of Eurasia would provided the base for world conquest.
Five permanent members( US, UK, France, China, USSR) with veto power in the UN. Promised to carry out UN decisions with their own forces.
refers to the social movements for a particular group of people to separate from a dominant political institution under which they suffer
an area of instability between regions with opposing political and cultural values
Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states.
Spatially, devolutionary events most often occur on the margins of the state.
A nationality that is not represented by a state.
A politically organized territory that is administered by a sovereign government and is recognized by the international community.
Organization of three or more states to promote shared objectives.
shape, size & relative location of a state.
In political geography, a country's or more local community's sense of property and attachment toward its territory, as expressed by its determination to keep it inviolable and strongly defended.
A state in which most political power exists at the national level, with limited local authority.
Informal term denoting the main areas in which the EU has worked since the Maastricht Treaty.
"Third Wave" Of Democratization
refers to the third major surge of democracy in history; characterized by the defeat of dictatorial or totalitarian rulers from South America to Eastern Europe to some parts of Africa
a culturally defined group of people with a shared past and a common future who relate to a territory and have political goals