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Week 4 - Program Planning and Management
Terms in this set (9)
Compare the health planning process and the nursing process.
-Planning is selecting & carrying out a series of actions to achieve goals. -Designed to ensure that health care services are adaptable, equal, efficient, and effective.
-Allows for quality decision‐making & better control over program results
-Match the community needs with provider strengths/agency resources and reduce the number of unexpected events
-The planning process is similar to the nursing process, both a rational decision-making process
Benefits of program planning
1. Identifies resources & activities to meet population needs
2. Reduces role ambiguity by giving responsibility to specific providers to meet the program objectives.
3. Anticipation of what is needed to implement, what will occur and what outcomes will be evaluate
Describe the steps in the program planning process: 1. Assess
• Identify target population and the PLANNING GROUP
• Validate information AND population perception of problem
• Do they see this as a problem, do they seek a solution?
• Prioritize needs (availability of resources, severity of the problem,
ability to solve)
• Establish a GOAL: Broad statement of desired outcome (Outcomes (measurable) support goal)
Describe the steps in the program planning process: 2. Analyze
• Identify possible solutions - EVIDENCE is KEY - are there already interventions that have been used? Did they work? (review the
• Determine most appropriate INTERVENTION: Health Education Program, Establish Services, Inc./Improve Community Empowerment (self‐help)
• Identify Specific objectives - address the health outcomes short and long term. (Measurable, attainable, realistic, timed)
Describe the steps in the program planning process: 3. Diagnose (problem list)
• OUTCOMES: Short and long term.
• Process Objectives - incremental activities that support attainment. Dev. a work plan & timeline (may use backward planning), (WHO, what where, when, how)
-Examples: Max will contact the school nurse by 2/24 to determine a date for screening and identify number of students that will need screening. Solange will order eye charts and coordinate with health dept for use of audiometer by 2/24.
-What resources are needed? Human and non‐human
Then after that you:
-IMPLEMENT the program (intervention)
How are goals and objectives different?
The objective must be specific and stated so that anyone reading them could conduct the program without further instruction. To be truly effective, the program plan should begin with a general program goal and move on to specific objectives that will help meet the program goal.
Formative Program Evaluations (or process)
-SWOT ‐ strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats.
-The monitoring of program activities (such as hours of services, number of providers used, number of referrals made, and amount of money spent to meet the program objectives) provides an evaluation of the progress of the program.
- Occurs on an ongoing basis while the program exists.
Summative Program Evaluations (or outcome)
- Surveys, quizzes, demonstrations, statistics (examine changes in rates)
- Looks at the end result of the program
- Example: The evaluator may be able to determine whether the program provides better benefits at a lower cost than a similar program or whether the benefits to the client or number of clients served justify the costs of the program.
Evaluate sources for collection of outcome measures for a program evaluation.
Quality assurance programs are sources for collection
Sets found in the same folder
Week 1 - Intro
Week 2 - Epidemiology
Week 3 - Community Assessment
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