Upgrade to remove ads
Anatomy Axial Skeleton Exam one
Terms in this set (41)
Three functions of the axial skeleton:
Support body, protect organs, attaches to skeletal muscles
Structures the axial skeleton consists of
1. The skull
2. Vertebral column
3. The thoracic cage:
a. Sternum b. Ribs
Components of pectoral girdle
- Clavicle and scapula
The function of the pectoral girdle
- connects the upper limbs to the axial skeleton
Function of pectoral girdle
This occurs at the sternoclavicular joint
The two groups of skull bones are _______ and _______.
Cranial and Facial
The function of the cranial bones is ________________.
The facial bones protect entrance to ________ and __________.
Digestive and respiratory tracts
List the 6 cranial bones.
Frontal, Parietal, Temporal, Occipital, Sphenoid, Ethmoid
List the 4 primary facial bones.
Maxilla, mandible, nasal, zygomatic
What does TMJ stand for and what is its syndrome?
Temporomandibular joint ( When this joint is injured or damaged, it can lead to a localized pain
disorder called temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome. Causes of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome include injury to the teeth or jaw, misalignment of the teeth or jaw, teeth grinding, poor posture, stress, arthritis, and gum chewing)
The hyoid bone is an _________ site for _______ muscles associated with the _______ and pharynx.
Attachment, skeletal, larynx
The hyoid bone (is, isnt) connected to anything else.
The cervical region of the vertebral column consists of ______ vertebrae.
The thoracic region of the vertebral column consists of ______ vertebrae.
The lumbar region consists of ______ vertebrae.
The three functions of the vertebral column: ________ the spinal cord, ________ the head and body, and ________ ___ skeletal muscles of the back.
Protects, supports attaches to
The vertebral foramen is the hole between the vertebral _____ and the vertebral arch.
The vertebral body
Vertebral foramen _______ and ________ the spinal cord.
Surrounds and protects
The _______ vertebrae contain a _______ foramen that protects a blood vessel traveling from the ______ to the ______.
Cervical, transverse, thorax, brain
The cervical vertebrae have a small ______ body and _______ vertebral foramen.
The thoracic vertebrae have small _____ vertebral foramen.
The function of the sacrum is to protect the ______.
The sacrum is curved more in
males than females
The _______ attaches to ligaments and muscles of the anus that control
The sternum consists of the
jugular notch, manubrium, sternal angle,
body, and xiphoid process.
Ribs #8-12 attach to the
vertebral column and to the 7th rib (#8-10)
Ribs 11-12 attach ONLY to the
The thoracic cage
heart and lungs.
The thoracic cage attaches to
The vertebral arch is composed of __ pedicles and 2 laminae.
What vertebra has a long, slender spinous process and heart-shaped body?
What is the only moveable bone of the skull?
The costal facets of the thoracic vertebrae articulate with what?
What vertebrae are short, thick, and have blunt spinous processes?
What two components of the vertebrae are muscle and ligament attachment sites?
Transverse & Spinous processes
What vertebrae are the largest and have a triangular vertebral foramen?
What carries the weight of the axial skeleton?
The sacral region has how many fused vertebrae?
The coccygeal region has how many fused vertebrae?
Sets with similar terms
Biology 223- Chapter 8: The Skeleton
Skull, Neck and Vertebral
A&P 1 Exam 2 Axial and Appendicular Skel…
Chapter 2 back I
Other sets by this creator
Test One 3347 (Digestion) Protein, Lipid, and Carb…
Small set #2 test 3346
Small set 3346 test
PART ONE EXAM 3347 REVIEW