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Politics of the United States
ap gov khan questions final
Terms in this set (40)
Which of the following statements is reflected in the data in the table above?
Technology such as broadcast media gives the president an avenue to rapidly respond to a majority of American citizens about political issues
A Supreme Court precedent approving mandatory busing of students to ensure greater racial integration in public schools throughout the South could be viewed as interfering with state powers under the Constitution, and as creating law rather than interpreting it.
Which of the following could Congress do to limit the Supreme Court's power in response?
Pass legislation changing the Court's jurisdiction
Supporters of Hamilton's view that acts contrary to the Constitution are invalid could point to which of the following cases?
Marbury v. Madison
Senator Leslie Knope plans to vote in favor of two major bills. The first bill is about buying some land in Indiana and turning it into a national park. The second bill will ban any fast food restaurant from serving a 128-ounce soft drink. 21,000 constituents have called her asking her to vote against the second bill, but no constituents have called her about the national park bill. Senator Knope decides to vote in favor of the first bill, but listens to her constituents and votes against the second bill.
Which model of representation do her actions embody?
The politico model
When the opposing party holds a majority in Congress
In which of the following scenarios is the president most likely to use the veto to limit the power of Congress?
When the opposing party holds a majority in Congress
"The defeat of Robert Bork's 1987 Supreme Court nomination was a watershed event that unleashed what Stephen Carter has called 'the confirmation mess.' There was no question that Bork was a highly qualified nominee. He was rejected not because of any lack of qualification, or any impropriety, but because of his stated judicial philosophy: how he would vote as a judge."
Which of the following statements best summarizes the author's argument?
Robert Bork failed confirmation as a Supreme Court justice because some Senators were concerned about the impact he would have on the Court
Which of the following is an enumerated power of Congress?
Generating a budget that addresses both discretionary and mandatory spending
Based on the information in the pie charts, which of the following is the most likely implication of entitlement and discretionary spending as a portion of the federal budget?
As entitlement costs grow, discretionary spending opportunities will decrease
In United States v. Morrison (2000), the Supreme Court struck down the part of the Violence Against Women Act that made gender-motivated violence a federal crime, as it was not related to the commerce clause.
Which prior Supreme Court case could be used as a precedent for the majority decision in United States v. Morrison (2000)?
United States v. Lopez (1995)
Congress passes a law reducing the amount of violence that children can be exposed to on television.
Which of the following actions can the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) take to implement this measure?
Write guidelines about how much violence can be depicted during times children are likely to be watching TV
The Securities and Exchange Commission's ability to decide how much money is awarded to whistleblowers is an example of which of the following?
The power that individual bureaucrats and agencies have to make choices about how to implement existing laws
"Energy in the Executive is a leading character in the definition of good government. It is essential to the protection of the community against foreign attacks; it is not less essential to the steady administration of the laws; to the protection of property against those irregular and high-handed combinations which sometimes interrupt the ordinary course of justice; to the security of liberty against the enterprises and assaults of ambition, of faction, and of anarchy . . ."
Which of the following is a consequence of the ideas set forth by the author of this passage?
The establishment of the president as Commander in Chief of the military
Which of the following statements best explains how a president's ideology can influence presidential nominations to the judiciary?
Presidents nominate Supreme Court justices who are likely to be sympathetic to their views, changing the ideological leanings of the Court
The EPA's decision to regulate some emissions but not others is an example of which of the following?
The discretionary authority that individual bureaucrats and agencies have to make choices about how to implement existing laws
Pork barrel legislation is best defined as which of the following?
Laws that include federally-funded local projects that benefit a specific district
This is an example of which of the federal bureaucracy's responsibilities?
Which of the following may the Senate do to limit the president's power?
Reject presidential nominees
Which of the following scenarios would most likely be considered a violation of the Twenty-second Amendment?
A sitting president runs for a third term in office after overwhelming support from the American public
Which of the following statements best describes judicial restraint?
Choose 1 answer:
Judges should limit the exercise of their own power to interpreting the Constitution according to its original intent
Which of the following actions by a state government would most likely violate the precedent established by Shaw v. Reno (1993)?
Drawing new congressional district lines in a city that grouped people based on race
Which of the following is an accurate conclusion based on a comparison of the trends in the line graph and your knowledge of presidential communication strategies?
Presidents have increased the length of their State of the Union messages to make the most of the opportunity to influence the electorate directly
Which of the following is an accurate comparison of the president's formal and informal powers?
1 vetoing legislation
2 issuing executive orders
Which of the following statements best summarizes Hamilton's argument?
One person should run the executive branch because they will be able to act swiftly, decisively, and discreetly, which is necessary for the presidency
Every ten years congressional redistricting occurs for which of the following reasons?
To divide a state into new political districts after changes in population
Obama has been getting lots of attention for bypassing the Republican-controlled Congress and using his unilateral powers, such as executive orders, to get his way. But his power to persuade is another vital weapon in the president's arsenal, since he can command media and public attention almost whenever he wants."
The strategy described in the passage above is an example of which of the following?
The bully pulpit
"Lifetime appointments and the new, highly ideological stakes provided senators ample incentives to use holds and silent filibusters to prevent a majority of their colleagues from acting on judicial nominations, both to block those with different ideologies and to keep slots vacant until the presidency moves into their party's hands. Along the way, judicial confirmations have become increasingly politicized, and delays in confirming appellate judges have led to increased vacancy rates that have produced longer case-processing times and growing caseloads per judge on federal dockets."
Which of the following statements best summarizes the authors' argument?
The Senate is more likely to place holds on life-tenured judicial appointments because of the lasting influence of those appointments
Which of the following best describes the message in the political cartoon?
The patronage system leads to corruption
Which of the following is an accurate comparison of the enumerated and implied powers of Congress?
1 coining money
2 maintaining a national bank
Representative Siddiqui introduces a bill that would reform campaign finance in the House of Representatives.
After the bill is assigned a number, which of the following describes the next step of the lawmaking process?
The Speaker of the House assigns the bill to a relevant committee
Based on the infographic and your knowledge of the Supreme Court, which of the following statements could be considered an accurate conclusion?
Ideological changes in the Supreme Court can lead to the Court rejecting existing precedents
Which of the following is an accurate comparison of the powers of the judicial branch and the powers of the legislative branch?
1 interpreting the constitution
2 establishing inferior courts
In which of the following scenarios is the president most likely to use an executive order to make important policy?
Congress cannot reach a compromise
Which of the following explains how President Obama is using social media to affect policy in the example above?
To inform American citizens of his policy goals
Which of the following statements is most consistent with the author's argument in the passage?
Different chamber sizes and constituencies influence the formality of debate in each chamber
The House Committee on Veterans Affairs, the Department of Veterans Affairs, and the VFW (Veterans of Foreign Wars) work together to achieve policies that benefit veterans.
Which of the following actions can the states take to limit the Supreme Court's power?
Refuse to implement and enforce a ruling by the Court
Which of the following statements best explains how rule differences in the House of Representatives and the Senate can affect the policymaking process?
Even though the House may pass a bill, the Senate can kill the bill with a filibuster
Which of the following statements describes why the federal bureaucracy is given discretionary authority to implement public policy?
Choose 1 answer:
Bureaucrats are experts and are able to make the best choices on how to implement policy
Based on the text, which of the following statements would the authors most likely agree with?
Divided government has led to an increase in congressional refusal to confirm appointments of presidents of the opposite party
Which of the following describes a difficulty the judicial branch faces in the policy implementation process?
The Supreme Court must rely on the other branches of government to enforce its rulings
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