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the process of retaining information or the information retained

Free recall

a method of testing by asking someone to produce a certain item without substantial hints, such as an essay or short answer test

cued recall

a method of testing memory by asking someone to remember a certain item after being given a hint


a method of testing memory by asking someone to choose the correct answer from a set of alternatives.

savings method

a method of testing memory by measuring how much faster someone can relearn something than learn something for the first time.

Explicit memory

a memory that a person can state, generally recognizing that it is the correct answer.

implicit memory

a memory that influences behavior without requiring conscious recognition that one is using memory.


the temporarily increased probability of using a word as the result of reading or hearing it.

procedural memory

the retention of learned skills

declarative memory

the recall of factual information

information-processing model

the view that information is processed, coded, and stored in various ways in human memory as if it were a computer

sensory store

a very brief storage of sensory information

short-term memory

a temporary storage of limited amount of information

long-term memory

a relatively permanent store of information

semantic memory

memory of general principles

Episodic memory

a memory for a specific events in a person's life


a process of grouping digits or letters into meaningful sequences

retrieval cue

information associated with remembered material, which can be useful for helping to recall that material

working memory

a system that processes and works with current information, including three components-a central executive, a phonological loop, and a visual spatial sketch pad.

prospective memory

The ability to remember to perform actions in the future.

retrospective memory

The ability to remember events from the past or previously learned information.


studied memory using nonsense syllables and the method of savings

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