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Writ of Certiorari
Order by the Supreme Court directing a lower court to send up the records of a case for review
Brief
a written statement by an attorney that summarizes a case and the laws and rulings that support it
Majority Opinion
a court opinion reflecting the views of the majority of the judges
Disenting Opinion
a Supreme Court opinion by one or more justices in the minority who oppose the ruling.
Felony
a crime more serious than a misdemeanor and punishable by imprisonment for more than one year or death
Misdemeanor
a crime or offense that is less serious than a felony; any minor misbehavior or misconduct
Perjury
criminal offense of making false statements under oath
Subpoena
a court order requiring appearance and/or testimony
Docket
(law) the calendar of a court
Grand Jury
a group of citizens that decides whether there is sufficient evidence to accuse someone of a crime
Indictment
a written accusation charging a party with committing a crime which is drawn up by the prosecuting attorney and issued by a grand jury
Plea Bargain
Agreement between a prosecutor and a defendant that the defendant will plead guilty to a lesser offense to avoid having to stand trial for a more serious offense.
Capital Offence
crime punishable by death