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Arts and Humanities
lit term 6
Terms in this set (31)
also known as stage direction, any notes in the script of a play that set guidelines for the
performance, explaining, for example, what the setting looks like, how actors should move and deliver certain lines, etc. They are usually set in italics. Blocking/stage direction is purposeful and symbolic.
the running-over of a sentence or phrase from one poetic line to the next, without
terminal punctuation. Also known as a run-on line, the opposite of an end-stopped line.
a group of lines that forms one division of a poem. Stanzas within a poem usually have
repetitive forms, often sharing rhyme schemes or rhythmic structures. Some frequently used stanza types have specific names (i.e. couplet; tercet; quatrain; sestet; octet).
two successive lines of verse forming a unit marked usually by rhythmic correspondence,
rhyme, or the inclusion of a self-contained utterance.
a three-line stanza; quatrain (a four-line stanza); sestet (a six-line stanza); octet (an
the echo or imitation of a sound. A rhyme scheme is a regular pattern of rhyming words in a
poem. Rhyme often contributes to the rhythm of a poem. The most common rhyming in poetry is end rhyme (last word of each line rhymes) consisting of perfect rhyme ("time/lime" or "shot/hot").
rhyme that occurs within a single line, or between words in the middle of
. internal rhyme (noun)
two words that sound close but not exactly alike, such as
"alight/white" or "grace/haste." Sometimes also called imperfect rhyme, near rhyme,
approximate rhyme, or oblique rhyme.
slant rhyme / half rhyme (noun)
lines of poetry or metrical language in general, in contrast to prose.
known as either an Italian or Petrarchan a fixed verse form of fourteen lines that
begins with an octave (eight lines) with a rhyme scheme of abbaabba. The octave generally includes the "problem" that will develop. It is followed by a sestet (six lines), which has its rhyme scheme cdcdcd (or some variation thereof). The "problem" is resolved in the sestet (the final six lines)
a 14-line sonnet rhyming
ababcdcdefefgg. The final two lines consist of a concluding couplet.
English (or Shakespearean or Elizabethan) sonnet (noun)
an utterance not meant to be heard by someone.
giving human characteristics to nonhuman things.
a dramatic sketch performed by one actor.
any poem in which a speaker expresses intensely personal emotion or
thoughts. / Having an artistically beautiful or expressive quality.
lyric (noun) / lyrical (adj.)
a metrical foot consisting of one short syllable followed by one long syllable
or of one unstressed syllable followed by one stressed syllable (as in "above").
iamb (noun) / iambic (adj.)
verse consisting of lines of iambic pentameter, which of all verse forms is closest to
the natural rhythms of speech.
blank verse (noun)
the repetition of usually initial consonant or vowel sounds in two or more
neighboring words or syllables.
repetition of a vowel sound within a group of words or lines.
a pause within a line of poetry in order to make the meaning clear or to follow the
natural rhythm of speech. Pauses marked by punctuation are also known as grammatical pauses; pauses unmarked by punctuation as also known as rhetorical pauses.
a lyric poem usually marked by exaltation of feeling and style, varying length of line, and
complexity of stanza forms. is usually addressed to someone or something, or it represents the
poet's musings on that person or thing.
figure of speech in which a word imitates the sound associated with the word.
the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables or the units of stress patterns. The basic
rhythmic structure of a verse or lines of verse. Meters are made up of feet (see below).
a line, part of a line, or group of lines repeated in the course of a poem, sometimes with
slight changes. Ex: Whitman's "O Captain! My Captain!" or the repeating chorus of a song.
The combination of stressed and unstressed syllables that make up the metric unit of a line.
Feet make up the meter (see above). The mostly commonly used feet are the iambic foot and the
poetry that doesn't follow a prescribed form but is characterized by irregularity in the
length of the lines and a lack of a regular metrical pattern and rhyme.
free verse (noun)
a line named according to the number of feet composing it, starting with monometer
(a line of one foot), followed by dimeter, trimeter, tetrameter, pentameter, hexameter, heptameter, and octameter (a line of eight feet).
metric line (noun)
one of the most commonly used figures of stress, it means repeating a word within the
same line or clause.
a change in setting (place or time), tone, or speakers. Identifying shifts in poetry is especially
important for determining the overall purpose and tone of a poem.
a short composition with poetic intentions but written in prose rather than verse.
prose poem (noun)
the making of verses; a version in verse of something originally in prose.
Recommended textbook explanations
myPerspectives: American Literature, California (Volume 1)
Collections: Grade 8
Prentice Hall Literature: Timeless Voices, Timeless Themes (The American Experience)
California Collections: Grade 6
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