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25 terms

Topographical Terms

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Island
land area completely surrounded by water
Peninsula
Large land area surrounded by water on 3 sides
Isthmus
Narrow stretch of land connecting 2 larger land areas
Mountain
land form that rises at least 1000 feet above the land surrounding it
Valley
Area of low land between mountains or hills
Plateau
Area of flat or rolling land at a high elevation
Plain
Area of level land, usually at a low elevation
Cape
A point of land surrounded by a body of water
Canyon
A deep and narrow valley with steep walls
Mesa
Area of raised land with steep sides
Lake
Body of water totally surrounded by land
Bay
A part of a large body of water that extends into a shoreline
Gulf
A part of a large body of water that extends into a shoreline, larger than a bay
Strait
A narrow stretch of water joining 2 larger river or stream; a branch of a river
Ocean
Largest body of water on earth
Sea
A large body of water either partly or completely surrounded by land
River
Water that winds through a land mass and empties into a larger body of water
Tributaries
small river or stream that flows into a larger river or stream; a branch of a river
Delta
Land built up from soil carried downstream by a river and deposited at its mouth
Channel
A deep, narrow body of water that connects two larger bodies of water, deep part of a river or other waterway
Harbor
A sheltered place along a shoreline where ships can safely anchor
Downstrean
The direction in which a river flows from its source to its mouth
Upstream
The direction opposite the flow of a river from the end or mouth of a river to its source
source of a river
the place where a river begins, often in high land
mouth of a river
the place where a river flows into a larger body of water