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Ch 16 U.S. History - Life at the Turn of the 20th Century
Terms in this set (21)
Architect, designed the ten-story Wainwright Building in St. Louis
Designed the Flatiron Building
Frederick Law Olmsted
Landscape architect, spearheaded the movement for planned urban parks
Orville and Wilbur Wright
Bicycle manufactures, built a glider
Developed a series of more convenient alternatives to the heavy glass plates previously used in photography. Introduced the Kodak camera.
Booker T. Washington
Prominent African American educator, believed that racism would end once blacks acquired useful labor skills and proved their economic value to society.
Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute
In Alabama now called Tuskegee University, aimed to equip African Americans with teaching diplomas and useful skills in agriculture, domestic, or mechanical work.
W. E. B. Du Bois
The first African American to receive a doctorate from Harvard, founded the Niagara Movement.
Founded by Du Bois, insisted that blacks should seek a liberal arts education so that the African American community would have well educated leaders.
Ida B. Wells
Born into slavery, editor of a local paper, wrote about racial justice.
An annual tax that had to be paid before qualifying to vote.
Even if a man failed the literacy test or could not afford the poll tax, he was still entitled to vote is he, his father, or his grandfather had been eligible to vote before January 1
Separation of people based on race
Jim Crow laws
Laws enacted by Southern state and local governments to separate white and black people in public and private facilities.
Plessy v. Ferguson
1896 Supreme Court ruled that the separation of races in public accommodations was not legal and did not violate the 14th amendment.
A system that bound laborers into slavery in order to work off a debt to the employer.
Hungarian immigrant who purchased New York World Newspaper which pioneered popular innovations, comics, sports coverage, and women's news.
William Randolph Hearst
Purchased New York Morning Journal filling it with exaggerated tales of personal scandals cruelty, hypnotism, and even an imaginary conquest of Mars.
School of American Art, painted urban life and working people with gritty realism and no frills.
Samuel Langhorne Clemens, a novelist and humorists, inspired a host of other young authors when he declared his independence of "literature and all that bosh"
Rural Free Delivery (RFD)
Post Office system that brought packages directly to every home.
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