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17 terms

Poetry Terms

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Rhyme Scheme
The pattern or sequence in which end rhyme occurs throughout a poem. The first end sound is represented with an "a," the second end sound is represented with a "b," and so on. When the first sound is repeated at the end of another line within the poem, it is also designated as "a."
Lyric Poetry
poetry that does not tell a story but is only intended to express the speaker's (the writer's)emotions
Ballad
a song or poem that tells a story
Imagery
language that appeals to the senses
Free Verse
Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme
Stanza
a group of lines in a poem
Metaphor
comparison of two unlike things using the verb "to be" and not using like or as as in a simile.
Sonnet
a verse form consisting of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme
Haiku
a major form of Japanese verse, written in 17 syllables divided into 3 lines of 5, 7, and 5 syllables, and employing highly evocative allusions and comparisons, often on the subject of nature or one of the seasons.
Rhyme
the repetition of sounds at the ends of words
Personification
A figure of speech in which an animal, an object, or an idea is given human form or characteristics
Similie
Figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things, using a word such as like, as, resembles or than
Onomatopeia
The use of a word whose sound imitates or suggest its meaning.
Alliteration
use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse
Hyperbole
a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
Repitition
reappearance of a word or phrase in a stanza structure
Verse
line of poetry