12 terms

EME Europe, Latin America and Africa Notes

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Era in which
Western europe starts to rise
Which europeans got to america first?
norse people, vikings
Portuguse
had advantages in sailing and had navigational skills
Spanish
the crown (royalty) funded columbus' voyage to the Americas
"GOD, GOLD, GLORY"
Spanish conquistadors
conquered aztecs and incas because
- disease wiped populations out
-firearms and advanced tech
-spanish had horses (remember incas just had alpacas so no protein so spanish seemed appealing because you dont want family to die)
Blending of european and american culture
created a new social hierarchy based on race and ancestry
Peninsulares were the highest (born in europe)
lowest were the native americans and black slaves
Impact of silver
was money supply, accelerated global trade, native americans forced to work in mines
(start of globalization)
Slave gun cycles
need guns to protect land but to get guns you sell slaves
Trans-saharan slave trade- women and children "better experience"
Atlantic- men, worked on plantations
Europeans dont have access to interior africa because of disease a lack of immunity
rum and sugar
slaves produced more sugar and rum became a byproduct
what wiped out native americans
GUNS, GERMS, AND STEEL
What wiped out africa
slavery and lack of males
West africa and latin america encounters with europe
became dependent on europe for transactions
* both had dramatic POPULATION LOSSES as a result of european encounters
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