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Agrarian Reaction to Gilded Age (Moore)
Unit 4 USHG Lane Terms & People
Terms in this set (21)
A movement for social and educational organization through which farmers attempted to combat the power of the railroads in the late 19th century
The beliefs or position that a political candidate - or his political party- might take on important issues is known as their
William Jennings Bryan
United States lawyer and politician who advocated free silver and prosecuted John Scopes (1925) for teaching evolution in a Tennessee high school (1860-1925)
Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC)
Former independent agency of the U.S. government, established in 1887; it was charged with regulating the economics and services of specified carriers engaged in transportation between states. Surface transportation under the it's jurisdiction included railroads, trucking companies, bus lines, freight forwarders, water carriers, oil pipelines, transportation brokers, and express agencies. After his election in 1904, Theodore Roosevelt demonstrated support of progressive reforms by strengthening this.
Allows the federal government to collect income tax
Passed in 1913, this amendment to the Constitution calls for the direct election of senators by the voters instead of their election by state legislatures.
the political doctrine that supports the rights and powers of the common people in their struggle with the privileged elite
Multiple objectives that compromise a party that is campaigning.
Cross of Gold Speech
An impassioned address by William Jennings Bryan at the 1896 Deomcratic Convention, in which he attacked the "gold bugs" who insisted that U.S. currency be backed only with gold.
A famous caricaturist and editorial cartoonist in the 19th century and is considered to be the father of American political cartooning. His artwork was primarily based on political corruption. He helped people realize the corruption of some politicians
farms owned and operated by the government
a legislative act is referred for final approval to a popular vote by the electorate
(1862) Federal law that gave land to western states to build agricultural and engineering colleges.
Wabash, St. Louis
A Supreme Court Case that ultimately limited the rights of states to interstate commerce. It also led to the Interstate Commerce Commission. Illinois state law stated that railroads may not charge the same or more money for freight in the same class for shorter distances than it would for a longer distance.
Pacific RR vs Illinois 1886
Supreme Court case that limited the states rights to commerce.
..., United States writer and humorist best known for his novels about Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn (1835-1910)
Munn v Illinois 1877
A supreme court case that declared states could regulate businesses within their borders if those businesses operated in the public interest
Allows voters to petition to propose legislation &then submit it for a vote by qualified voters
Republican Senator from Wisconsin - ran for president under the Progressive Party - proponent of Progressivism and a vocal opponent of railroad trusts, bossism, World War I, and the League of Nations
A measure of memory in which the person must retrieve information learned earlier, as on a fill-in-the-blank test.
Companies would form a pool and set the prices which caused smaller companies to close. like a monopoly with few elite leaders.
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