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Body mechanics
It is the coordinated use of the body parts to produce motion and maintain their Equilibrium in relation to the skeletal, muscualar, and visceral systems and their Neurological association
Bedmaking
it is the proper adjustment of bed
Standard hospital bed
has a firm mattress on a metal frame that can be raised or lowered horizontally. It is a bed that can adjusted to a variety of positions. This type of bed can be controlled manually or electrically.
Special Hospital bed
is a bed that is required for clients to maintain strict body alignment.
Stryker Wedge Frame
is manually operated by the nurse, turns the client laterally through side lying position. this bed is indicated for those with spinal injuries or surgery requiring immobility.
CircOlectric Bed
is operated electrically by the nurse using a push button rotates the client vertically through the standing position.
Parts of bed
side rails
wheel locks
clients signal
electronic or manual controls
Types of bed making
Unoccupied Bed
a. open bed
b. closed bed
Obstetrical bed
Post-operative bed
Occupied bed
Vital signs
temperature, pulse, respirations, and blood pressure
Temperature
it is the difference between heat produced and heat lost by the body and is measured through the use of a thermometer
Pulse
it is a rhythmical throbbing that results from a wave of blood passing through an artery as the heart contracts.
Pulse sites
temporal, carotid, apical, brachial, radial, ulnar, femoral, popliteal, posterior tibial, dorsalis pedis
120-160 bpm (ave 140)
0-1 month
100-140 (ave 120)
11-12 month
80-120 (ave 100)
Toddler
75-120 (ave 100)
pre schooler
70-80
male normal pulse rate
80-90 bpm
female pulse
Blood pressure
It is the lateral force exerted by the blood on the arterial walls
Normal ranges of bp
infant- 50/60 - 80/50
children- 87/48 - 117/64
adult - 110/70 - 130/90
pulse pressure
difference between systolic and diastolic pressure
Bradycardia
slow heart rate
Tachycardia
fast heart rate
Tachypnea
rapid breathing
hyperpnea
deep breathing
dysnpea
difficult or labored breathing
hypoxemia
deficient oxygen in the blood
hypercapnia
excessive carbon dioxide in the blood