32 terms

Lit Devices 2 (poetry terms)

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Terms in this set (...)

Allusion
A reference to another work of literature, person, or event
Onomatopoeia
Words that sound like their meaning.
Personification
Giving human qualities to an object, animal, or idea.
Simile
A comparison between two unlike things, using the words like or as.
Metaphor
A comparison between two unlike things, WITHOUT using the words like or as.
Personification
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
Foreshadowing
the use of clues to hint at events that will occur later in the plot
Imagery
Language that appeals to the senses (sight, hearing, touch, taste, or smell).
Hyperbole
An extreme exaggeration
Alliteration
The repetition of INITIAL consonant sounds in words that are close together.
oxymoron
A figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory terms in a brief phrase.
Poetry
A form of writing that often uses imagery, rhyme or rhythm to create an emotional response.
Rhyme Scheme
The pattern of end rhyme in a poem; each line is assigned a letter and lines that rhyme are given the same letter.
Rhythm
A musical quality produced by the repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables
Symbolism
When an object or idea represents something else.
Assonance
Repetition of vowel sounds within neighboring words.
Consonance
Repetition of consonant sounds within or at the end of words.
Figurative Language
Comparisons between unrelated things or ideas to reveal the familiar in surprising ways. Similes, metaphors, personification, hyperbole, imagery, and allusion are all types of this.
Stanzas
When lines are organized in units of meaning; always separated by extra white space.
poetic line
Horizontal row of words
Repetition
when a poet repeats words, or lines
Free Verse
poetry that lacks structure. It does not have a regular rhyme, rhythm, or stanza patterns
Traditional Poem
A poem that follows strict rules (limerick, ballad, ode, sonnet).
Meter
A repeated pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables.
Couplet
A stanza with TWO lines.
form
The shape of a poem
Idiom
A common, often-used expression that doesn't make sense if you take it literally.
Tone
The attitude of the author towards the subject.
Mood
Feeling or atmosphere that a writer creates for the reader
verbal irony
A figure of speech in which what is said is the opposite of what is meant
dramatic irony
when a reader is aware of something that a character isn't
situational irony
An outcome that turns out to be very different from what was expected

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