APUSH Ch. 28 Terms
Terms in this set (16)
Movement led by Washington Gladden - taught religion and human dignity would help the middle class over come problems of industrialization
Christian faith practiced as a call not just to personal conversion but to social reform.
A movement in the late 1800s / early 1900s which emphasized charity and social responsibility as a means of salvation.
Journalists who attempted to find corruption or wrongdoing in industries and expose it to the public
1906 - Journalists who searched for corruption in politics and big business
A procedure by which voters can propose a law or a constitutional amendment.
procedure whereby voters can remove an elected official from office
A state-level method of direct legislation that gives voters a chance to approve or disapprove proposed legislation or a proposed constitutional amendment.
a government-printed ballot of uniform dimensions to be cast in secret that many states adopted around 1890 to reduce voting fraud associated with party-printed ballots cast in public
A secret ballot printed by the state.
Muller v. Oregon
*Oregon established a law that limited women to ten hours of work in factories and laundries
*Muller, a laundry owner, challenged the legality of the law, arguing that t violated the "liberty to contract"
*Louis Brandeis, one of the attorneys arguing the case used extensive sociological evidence in his brief (the Brandeis Brief), which served as a model for later social reformers
*The Supreme Court held that the law was unconstitutional
1908 - Supreme Court upheld Oregon state restrictions on the working hours of women as justified by the special state interest in protecting women's health
Lochner v. New York
(1905) This supreme court case debated whether or not New York state violated the liberty of the fourteenth amendment which allowed Lochner to regulate his business when he made a contract. The specific contract Lochner made violated the New York statute which stated that bakers could not work more than 60 hours per week, and more than 10 hours per day. Ultimately, it was ruled that the New York State law was invalid, and interfered with the freedom of contract.
1903 law that forced railroads charge the same prices to all their customers
gave the Interstate Commerce Commission more power to control railroads from giving preferences to certain customers
Meat Inspection Act
Law that authorized the Secretary of Agriculture to order meat inspections and condemn any meat product found unfit for human consumption.
1906 - Laid down binding rules for sanitary meat packing and government inspection of meat products crossing state lines.
Pure Food and Drug Act
1906 - Forbade the manufacture or sale of mislabeled or adulterated food or drugs, it gave the government broad powers to ensure the safety and efficacy of drugs in order to abolish the "patent" drug trade. Still in existence as the FDA.
Hetch Hetchy Valley
location of a dam built by San Francisco in Yosemite National park; a blow to preservationists
The federal government allowed the city of San Francisco to build a dam here in 1913. This was a blow to preservationists, who wished to protect the Yosemite National Park, where the dam was located.
Foreign policy created under President Taft that had the U.S. exchanging financial support ($) for the right to "help" countries make decisions about trade and other commercial ventures. Basically it was exchanging money for political influence in Latin America and the Caribbean.
While intended to lower tariff rates, this bill was eventually revised beyond all recognition, retaining high rates on most imports. President Taft angered the progressive wing of his party when he declared it "the best bill that the Republican party ever passed."
Democrat Woodrow Wilson's political slogan in the presidential campaign of 1912; Wilson wanted to improve the banking system, lower tariffs, and, by breaking up monopolies, give small businesses freedom to compete.
Roosevelt's domestic platform during the 1912 election accepting the power of trusts and proposing a more powerful government to regulate them
Roosevelt's progressive political policy that favored heavy government intervention in order to assure social justice