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nasm chapter 16- Chronic Health Conditions and Physical or Functional Limitations
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Terms in this set (22)
A general term that refers to hardening (and loss of elasticity) of arteries.
Chronic inflammation of the joints.
1. Clogging, narrowing, and hardening of the body's large arteries and medium-sized blood vessels. Atherosclerosis can lead to stroke, heart attack, eye problems, and kidney problems. 2. Buildup of fatty plaques in arteries that leads to narrowing and reduced blood flow.
Any of various types of malignant neoplasms, most of which invade surrounding tissues, may metastasize to several sites, and are likely to recur after attempted removal and to cause death of the patient unless adequately treated.
chronic obstructive lung disease
The condition of altered airflow through the lungs, generally caused by airway obstruction as a result of mucus production.
Chronic high levels of cholesterol in the bloodstream.
Abnormally high blood sugar.
Elevated levels of blood fats (e.g., triglycerides, cholesterol).
Consistently elevated arterial blood pressure, which, if sustained at a high enough level, is likely to induce cardiovascular or end-organ damage.
The manifestation of the symptoms caused by peripheral arterial disease.
Resistance to unwanted movement.
Exaggerated outward curvature of the thoracic region of the spinal column resulting in a rounded upper back.
lower-extremity postural distortion
An individual who has increased lumbar lordosis and an anterior pelvic tilt.
Arthritis in which cartilage becomes soft, frayed, or thins out, as a result of trauma or other conditions.
A decrease in the calcification or density of bone as well as reduced bone mass.
Condition in which there is a decrease in bone mass and density as well as an increase in the space between bones, resulting in porosity and fragility.
peripheral arterial disease
A condition characterized by narrowing of the major arteries that are responsible for supplying blood to the lower extremities.
peripheral vascular disease
A group of diseases in which blood vessels become restricted or blocked, typically as a result of atherosclerosis.
The condition of a female who contains an unborn child within the body.
restrictive lung disease
The condition of a fibrous lung tissue, which results in a decreased ability to expand the lungs.
Arthritis primarily affecting connective tissues, in which there is a thickening of articular soft tissue, and extension of synovial tissue over articular cartilages that have become eroded.
A maneuver in which a person tries to exhale forcibly with a closed glottis(windpipe) so that no air exits through the mouth or nose as, for example, in lifting a heavyweight. The Valsalva maneuver impedes the return of venous blood to the heart.
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