Terms in this set (31)

  • Attachment is the need for meaningful interaction and affectionate bonds with others.
    True
  • Nurture is the term social scientists use for describing the biologically inherited patterns of complex behavior
    False
  • Instincts are socially accepted patterns of complex behaviors.
    True
  • Socialization refers to the process of learning to repress imdiviadual disires and rives
    False
  • Sociologist believe that humans are unique because the6 are the only life form able to accumulate knowledge, improve on it, and pass it on to the next generation.
    True
  • Sociologist Edward O. Wilson scientifically proved his claim that genes are the dominant source of h7man social behaviors.
    False
  • Aging involves negotiating new role expectations in a lifelong process of socialization.
    True
  • The process of social interactions that teaches a child intellectual, physical, and social skills needed to function as a member of society is called socialization.
    True
  • Personality changes more frequently than the social self.
    False
  • Patterns of behavior and ways of thinking and feeling which are distinctive for each individual constitute the individuals personality.
    True
  • Socialization takes place within subcultures of race, ethnicity, class and religion that are part of the general society.
    True
  • Sociobiologists study the cultural basis of human behavior.
    False
  • Attachment disorder is an inability to trust people and form relationships with others.
    True
  • Human infants need frequent contact with other humans who demonstrate affection in order to grow and develop normally.
    True
  • Social identity is obtained by occupying culturally and socially defined positions.
    True
  • The changing yet enduring personal identity is called the conscious
    False
  • Knowledge of one's own needs and skills is part of the concept of self.
    True
  • Jean Piaget was primarily concerned with cognitive development
    True
  • Pavlov and Watson are associated with the concept of conditioning in psychology
    True
  • If you were designing a corporate training program for new employees, would have to include role expectations for different kinds of positions.
    True
  • Gender can be changed through surgery and socialization without conscious will and consent of the person.
    False
  • According to Wilson, although people have free will, our genes make certain behaviors more likely than others.
    True
  • How we react to the imagines or perceived judgements of others is one of the components of the Cooley's looking glass self.
    True
  • If I joined a new company at an older age, my basic personality might change and adapt but my primary socialization would remain the same as in the past
    False
  • One of Charles Horton Cooley's principal contributions to sociology was his idea that how we believe other will react to us is important to determining our behavior.
    True
  • "Generalized others" refers to the general attitudes e hVe about other people.
    False
  • According to Freud, the internal censor or conscience that represents society's norms and values as learned primarily form our parents is called the superego.
    True
  • Erik Erickson's view of individual development differs from that's if Freud in that Erickson stressed that development is a lifelong process.
    True
  • The genes for behaviors like altruism and defense of a group are being mapped as part of a general human genome
    False
  • Cooley's theory of the looking-glass self works the way light shining on plants causes their development.
    False.
  • If a child spends more time watching movies or programs depicting social violence, like values and messages in these media constructions may resocialize the individual's moral views.
    True