Content Area Reading Midterm

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Content area literacy requires students to learn with texts.
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Terms in this set (90)
Assigning and telling are common instructional strategies that inspire students to take an active role in learning. True FalseFalseTeachers' education in content knowledge has little effect on student achievement. True FalseFalseStudents fail to benefit from exposure to multiple genres of texts. True FalseFalseMotivation is a key to learning. True FalseTrueNew literacies are ways in which students interact with and learn from information and communication technologies. True FalseTrueTeachers must address adolescents' sense of self-confidence in order for students to be successful in learning content. True FalseTrueUsing graphic organizers is an ineffective way of teaching reading comprehension. True FalseFalseThe term text refers exclusively to items such as textbooks and trade books. True FalseFalseBoth the use of prior knowledge and the active engagement in text-related activities put students in a better position to understand content area material. True FalseTrueTextbooks are the best medium for learning academic content. True FalseFalseWhen Internet inquiry is applied in classrooms, students ________________. a. generate their own questions about a topic discussed in class b. are instructed to access specific websites and ask questions via the site's email c. are instructed to search only for specifically defined information d. record their findings just for their own use in reading logsaWhich of the following statements about hypertext is not correct? a. Hypertext is more linear than printed text. b. Hypertext allows the reader to link to related resources. c. Hypertext is less linear than printed text. d. Hypertext incorporates nonprint media.aNew literacies have expanded the term "writing" to include all but which response? a. Scantron tests b. websites c. PowerPoint d. videotapesaWebQuests consist of all but which of the following components? a. outline b. learning advice c. introduction d. resourcesaElectronic texts create a medium for social interaction because _____________. a. they often require several students to communicate with others in order to make meaning b. they combine the use of sound, graphics, and video c. they require students to use a variety of software d. they often require several students working together to understand their technologya.An Internet workshop __________________. a. needs to be structured separately from other strategy instruction b. is best used to review printed content c. requires students to work independently d. is flexibledWhich of the following is not a reason technology can support RtI? a. ability to group flexibly b. programs to meet students' needs c. ability to differentiate d. amount of time it will take students to use technologydHypermedia refers to _______________. a. the socially mediated learning that occurs in multimedia environments b. the electronic environment, which incorporates the use of hypertext, sound, and graphics c. the vast array of resource options on the Internet d. the fast pace of technological developments in electronic text publishingbWhich of the following is NOT a category students need to consider when evaluating online resources? a. bias b. reliability c. presentation or appearance of online resource d. accuracycNew literacies encourage readers of electronic texts to do all but which of the following? a. Synthesize the information to address questions. b. Read text in a linear fashion from beginning to end. c. Navigate complex networks to locate information. d. Communicate the information to others.bWhich of the following instructional techniques exemplifies a transformative approach to cultural understanding? a. stressing critical analysis and interpretation b. focusing on issues and problems dealing with social action c. using themes to integrate multicultural concepts d. emphasizing specific holidays or celebrationsaWhich instructional approach tends to reflect the surface level of a culture but does not allow for in-depth understanding? a. monocultural approach b. additive approach c. sheltered instruction approach d. contributions approachdWhich of the following is not one of the seven key characteristics of culturally responsive instruction? a. teacher as facilitator b. high expectations c. use of pairs and groups d. self-selected independent readingdIn present-day society, __________ classrooms best represent the population of American schools and the larger society. a. bicultural b. monocultural c. tricultural d. multiculturaldFunds of knowledge refers to __________. a. occupational and information skills that families share b. multicultural resources that are available in the classroom c. collaborative inquiries that are conducted by diverse students d. reading strategies for bilingual and ESL classroomsaWhich is not one of the four instructional approaches to teaching multicultural concepts in the classroom? a. transformative approach b. cross-cultural approach c. additive approach d. contributions approachbWhich of the following instructional techniques exemplifies an additive approach to cultural understanding? a. emphasizing specific holidays or celebrations b. focusing on issues and problems dealing with social action c. stressing critical analysis and interpretation d. using themes to integrate multicultural conceptsdIn using culturally responsive instruction, which of the following elements would require a teacher's deeper understanding of a particular culture? a. food preferences and specialties b. cultural attire and fashion c. family structures and child-rearing practices d. holiday traditions and celebrationscWhen incorporating dialect use into the classroom, __________. a. language differences should not be mistaken for language deficits b. values should be assigned to dialects c. regional variations in language usage are not considered d. students should be weaned away from using their culture's conversational style in talking and writingaDuring which instructional model do students write their autobiographies? a. funds of knowledge b. ESL programs c. culturally responsive instruction d. ABCs of Cultural Understanding and CommunicationdStates frequently use standardized tests to determine whether or not schools are achieving AYP. True FalseTrueA raw score is the number of items a student answers correctly on a test, which is then converted to other types of scores in order to compare individuals or groups. True FalseTrueFormal, high-stakes assessments are process oriented. True FalseFalseFrom a student's perspective, rubrics can help take the guesswork out of assessment. True FalseTrueThe use of standardized tests is the most effective method for measuring the learning of an individual student. True FalseFalsePortfolio contents represent products more than processes and activities. True FalseFalseReadability formulas, which usually involve a measure of sentence length and word analysis of selected passages, provide estimates rather than precise indicators of text difficulty. True FalseTrueContent area teachers should rely on information from authentic forms of assessment and not on standardized test results. True FalseFalseStandardized tests were developed at the beginning of the twentieth century. True FalseTrueA major weakness of the assessment process is that teachers have to rely on multiple sources or perspectives rather than on a single source or single perspective. True FalseFalseSignificant pieces that are included in a student's portfolio may be collaboratively selected by the teacher and the student. True FalseTrueProfessional judgment is the best method by which to evaluate texts and assess text complexity. True FalseFalseImproved performance on standardized tests has been attributed to student achievement nearly all of the time. True FalseFalseRubrics can serve as self-assessment tools for students. True FalseTrueHolistic rubrics provide a list of criteria which correspond to a grade, and then different values are assigned to different traits. True FalseFalseStandardized test results are more useful at the building or district level than at the classroom level. True FalseTrueEducation policy decisions, such as the No Child Left Behind act, have led states to delegate authority for instructional and assessment decisions to local school districts. True FalseFalseStandardized tests can be used to compare students within a given norm group. True FalseTrueStandardized tests are inherently fair and scientific. True FalseFalseThe purpose of authentic assessment is to determine where students are in relation to other students. True FalseFalseStudents should focus on reading selectively instead of reading every word in a text. True FalseTrueExplicit instruction requires teachers to show students what to do and explains the reasoning behind the decision. True FalseTrueTo conclude a unit of study, students should present their findings in a formal research paper. True FalseFalseStudents are motivated to learn when they are placed in competitive environments. True FalseFalseSTAD learning groups should be formed primarily on the basis of the academic levels of the students. True FalseTrueGenuine student-centered inquiry can involve false starts, surprises, and changes in direction. True FalseTrueTo be successful, group members need to divide the work and understand their roles. True FalseTrueThe popular idea of cooperative learning, while commonly believed to enhance learning, is not yet supported by scientific research. True FalseFalseOnce a teacher has helped a student to begin a unit of study, the student should be expected to continue the study independently. True FalseFalseUnits of study may be organized around a single subject or multiple subjects. True FalseTruePre-reading activities create a structure that refines emerging concepts. True FalseFalseThe textbook should usually be part of a unit of study, but the teacher may go beyond the textbook, or at times even bypass it. True FalseTrueTo be effective, a comprehensive lesson plan should be aligned with state or local curriculum standards. True FalseTrueInstructional scaffolding supports readers as they learn new strategies. True FalseTrueStudents should learn to determine important facts as a result of reading. True FalseTrueContent analysis results in the how of learning. It becomes a major part in the development of a unit of study. True FalseFalseIt is important for teachers to give students zero guidance in the inquiry/research process. True FalseFalseInquiry should play a major role in learning important content, and the process of inquiry should be part of a unit of study. True FalseTrueCollaboration is a key factor in helping to bring learners and texts together. True FalseTrueThe physical arrangement of the classroom impacts the social interactions in which students engage. True FalseTrueHow can a teacher best allow students to anticipate story content? a. Summarize key concepts. b. Establish a framework for reading. c. Choose material relevant to students' lives. d. Use story impressions.dIn the use of __________, both the students and the teacher read the same segment of text before the students question the teacher about the passage. a. guided imagery b. problem situations c. ReQuest d. story impressionscSelf-efficacy for reading __________. a. is one way to measure the skills and strategies a reader has acquired b. is a student's judgment about his or her own reading capabilities c. precedes a student's motivation for reading d. can lead to overconfidence on the part of the studentbWhich of the following is least likely to reduce the mystery of learning with texts? a. increasing strategy awareness b. teaching decoding skills c. acknowledging subject knowledge d. building student interestbWhich of the following strategies invites the students to visualize what they are reading? a. guided imagery b. story impression c. ReQuest d. anticipation guideaWhen students ask themselves, "What do I need to know?" and "How well do I already know it?" they are asking seemingly simple questions but are actually relying upon __________. a. high motivation b. subject knowledge c. metacognitive awareness d. self-efficacycThe teacher's role during discussion is to activate and agitate thought when using __________. a. IEPC b. ReQuest c. guided imagery d. anticipation guidesdWhich of the following is a strategy that arouses curiosity? a. guided imagery b. freewriting c. metacognitive awareness d. ReQuestaWhich of the following is a strategy that encourages students to generate questions? a. story impressions b. ReQuest c. guided imagery d. anticipation guidebWhich of the following is part of IEPC? a. curiosity b. prediction c. establish problems d. improve self-efficacyb