PHIL-101, Ethics. HW 1 Study Guide
Santa Barbara SBCC, CA. Intro to Ethics Philosophy
Terms in this set (14)
Ethics studies the way people are motive, act and response to the consequences. True or False
False: Ethics studies not how people do act and why, but how they ought to act and why.
To say that moral philosophy is foundational means that is asks questions about such things as the meaning of right and wrong and how we know what is good and bad. True or False
The statement "Most people believe that cheating is wrong" is an ethical evaluation of cheating.
False: This is a descriptive statement, not a normative one.
What is meant by "Divine Command Theory" in Plato's Euthyptho, how does Euthyptho treat the problem?
According to the Divine Command Theory, what is good or right is so just because God wills it to be so. In the Euthyphro, Plato contrasts this view with that according to which what is good or right is so because of something about it, and God or the gods approve of it because it is so.
One ought to respect ones elders because it is one of gods commandments. Normative or Descriptive
Twice as many people today, as compared to ten years ago, believe that the death penalty is morally justified in some cases. Normative or Descriptive
It would be wrong to put an antique chair in a modern room. Normative or Descriptive
People do not always do what they believe to be right. Normative or Descriptive
I ought not to turn left here because the sign says "No Left Turn". Normative or Descriptive
We ought to adopt a universal health insurance policy because everyone has a right to health care. Normative or Descriptive
Relation between ethical theory and ethical reasons.
Ethical theory is unified systematic view involving principles determining what is good, reasons supporting this, and suggestions for application to concrete issues. As such it supplies the reasons for evaluation of these issues. Ethical reasoning involves appeal to some generalizations in the theory, which is what the ethical principles are.
Although you intended well, what you did was bad because it caused more harm then good. Choose: Motive, Act or Consequences
We ought always to tell the truth to others because they have a right to know the truth. Choose: Motive, Act or Consequences
Although it did turn out badly, you did not want that, and thus you should not be judged harshly for what you caused. Choose: Motive, Act or Consequences
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