Ch. 12 Test(look at homework and book to get more studying in!)
Terms in this set (51)
The idea of widening political power to more of the people.
The practice of giving government jobs to political backers.
Tariff of Abominations (1828)
1828 - Also called Tariff of 1828, it raised the tariff on imported manufactured goods. The tariff protected the North but harmed the South; South said that the tariff was economically discriminatory and unconstitutional because it violated state's rights.
Doctrine of Nullification
Expressed in the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions, it said that states could nullify federal laws.
To leave or withdraw
the rights and powers held by individual US states rather than by the federal government.
A brilliant Cherokee who invented a writing system for the Cherokee language.
Indian Removal Act
(1830) a congressional act that authorized the removal of Native Americans who lived east of the Mississippi River
Trail of Tears
The Cherokee Indians were forced to leave their lands. They traveled from North Carolina and Georgia through Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Missouri, and Arkansas-more than 800 miles (1,287 km)-to the Indian Territory. More than 4, 00 Cherokees died of cold, disease, and lack of food during the 116-day journey.
Seminole leader who resisted the removal of his people from Florida in the 1830s. He died under suspicious circumstances after being tricked into surrendering (1837).
(v.) to absorb fully or make one's own; to adopt as one's own; to adapt fully
the ability to read and write
Panic of 1837
When Jackson was president, many state banks received government money that had been withdrawn from the Bank of the U.S. These banks issued paper money and financed wild speculation, especially in federal lands. Jackson issued the Specie Circular to force the payment for federal lands with gold or silver. Many state banks collapsed as a result. A panic ensued (1837). Bank of the U.S. failed, cotton prices fell, businesses went bankrupt, and there was widespread unemployment and distress.
A long-term economic state characterized by unemployment and low prices and low levels of trade and investment
An American political party formed in the 1830s to oppose President Andrew Jackson and the Democrats, stood for protective tariffs, national banking, and federal aid for internal improvements
William Hery Harrison
Whig presidential candidate in 1840.
John Tyler (1841-1845)
Harrison's running mate in the 1840 presidential election.
A legal document giving certain rights to a person or company
John Quincy Adams
Secretary of State, He served as sixth president under Monroe. In 1819, he drew up the Adams-Onis Treaty in which Spain gave the United States Florida in exchange for the United States dropping its claims to Texas. The Monroe Doctrine was mostly Adams' work.
John C. Calhoun
South Carolina Senator - advocate for state's rights, limited government, and nullification
The seventh President of the United States (1829-1837), who as a general in the War of 1812 defeated the British at New Orleans (1815). As president he opposed the Bank of America, objected to the right of individual states to nullify disagreeable federal laws, and increased the presidential powers.
Martin Van Buren
President (1837-1841) Advocated lower tariffs and free trade, and by doing so maintained support of the south for the Democratic party. He succeeded in setting up a system of bonds for the national debt.
Who won the election of 1824?
John Quincy Adams
Who won the election of 1828?
How did Andrew Jackson promote his campaign?
He made the Jacksonian Democracy, made posters and flyers, and had supporters.
Who favored John Quincy Adams the most?
The New Englanders
Define the Indian Removal Act
The relocation of the Native Americans in the Southeast to an area west of the Mississippi River.
One of the tribes that had to get removed, leader was John Ross
Who is Margaret Bayard Smith? What was she and her husband known for?
They were central figures in political and social life of Washington?
How many candidates were in the election of 1824?
4, John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson, Henry Clay, and William Crawford
Who won the popular votes?
Did any candidates receive a majority of electoral votes?
Who came in fourth?
Why did Henry Clay come in fourth?
He threw his support/supporters to Adams, which is why he won.
Did Andrew Jackson find this election fair?
No, so he immediately started working on the election of 1828.
Was Jackson a democrat or republican?
Democrat, donkey, he supported the common man.
Was Adams a Democrat or Republican?
Republican, elephant, he supported the richer type
Who could only vote?
White male landowners, until Jackson helped expand the American Democracy by having voting rights to more of the population.
Did Jackson's wife become a target in the election of 1828?
What helped Jackson win the election of 1828?
differences over the tariff. southerners blamed Adams for the tarriff since it was passed during is administration so they voted against him, but also the expansion voting rights.
What tribe learned to be literate?
How many tribes got affected by the Trail of Tears? What were their tribe names?
5, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and the Seminole
Who had the lowest(out of everyone) amount of relocation?
What had the highest amount of relocation?
What had the second highest amount of relocation?
What had the third amount of relocation?
What had the second lowest amount of relocation?
Who declared war on the National Bank? Why did he do so?
Andrew Jackson, because he thought that it was a very powerful bank.
What was the impact of Tariff of Abomination?
Sectional Tension over tariffs and rights for the states
What tribe had the highest impact on the on the Trail of Tears?
Who won election of 1836? What was the impact?
Van Buren, because Jackson's popularity and prosperity.