Upgrade to remove ads
Psychology of Gender Midterm 2
Terms in this set (29)
Causes of sex differences
Genes, hormones, and social environment.
Most likely not the brain
The process by which we come to acquire the behaviors, attitudes, interests, and emotional reactions that are culturally defined as appropriate for members of our sex
A theory developed by Freud that attempts to explain personality, motivation, and mental disorders by focusing on unconscious determinants of behavior
Psychosexual stages of development
Oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital (Freud)
In psychoanalysis, the fear in young boys that they will be mutilated genitally because of their lust for their mothers.
According to Freud, the female desire to have a penis - a condition that usually results in their attraction to males.
The process of observing and imitating a specific behavior
Any event that strengthens the behavior it follows
Research in which the same people are restudied and retested over a long period
The individual's sense of being male or female
Belief that gender is stable across time, especially after the age of 5 years old
The theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting either the situation or the person's disposition
Locus of control
A person's tendency to perceive the control of rewards as internal to the self or external in the environment
Cause of behavior lies in situation and/or the environment
Dispositional (internal) Attribution
Cause of behavior lies with in the person (traits and abilities)
Cause for a behavior that does not change over time
The cause of behavior is variable, or subject to change
Assertive, controlling, dominant, independent, self-confident. Normally associated with the masculine gender role.
Emotionally expressive, nurturing, helpful, kind, empathetic. Normally associated with the feminine gender role.
Perceived threat to male role or masculinity
Gender differences in communication are due to the status/power differences between men and women
Social Role theory
Differences in the roles that women and men play in society do a lot to create and maintain gender stereotypes
Characteristics of person predict friendship (e.g. sex, gender identity, race, sexual orientation)
Position and status in society predict friendship (employment, education, income)
Hurting or threatening to hurt a relationship
Cross-gender friendship functions
Emotional support for men, companionship for women, and perspective of other gender for both.
everyday verbal, nonverbal, and environmental slights, snubs, or insults, whether intentional or unintentional, which communicate hostile, derogatory, or negative messages to target persons based solely upon their marginalized group membership
Explains why men value physical attractiveness more and women value earning potential. Maximize survival of genes, physical attractiveness is a sign of fertility, status = financial resources. Overall lack of evidence for theory
Social construction theory
Social norms dictate what is desirable in a mate
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Psychology of Gender Midterm 1
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Psychology Theories of Gender
psych 2810 Chapter 2
SWk 275 Chapter 4
Psychology of Gender Differences Chapter 5
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Psychology of Gender Final
Anthropology E1+E2 Review Q's
Anthro 201 Exam 1 Answers
Anthropology 201 Final Exam Reviews