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Blessed Trinity - Understanding the Trinity (Chapter 2)
Vocabulary taken from Chapter 2, with some alterations made so the vocabulary word would not be included in the definition.
Terms in this set (47)
This Arian sect stressed a difference in essence (nature or substance) between God the Father and God the Son. From the Greek for "dissimilar."
Used to describe writings of unknown or spurious authorship. These writings are neither authentic nor inspired by the Holy Spirit, nor part of the Bible. Protestants often misclassify certain books of the Old Testament as this, while the Catholic Church considers those same books deuterocanonical.
This heresy denied the existence of a human nature (mind and will) in Christ.
A statement of the belief of the Apostles based upon the New Testament. It is derived from a Baptismal creed used in Rome.
Heresy which denied Jesus' divinity, claiming he was not equal to the Father, arguing instead that he was an exceptional creature raised to the level of "Son of God" because of his heroic fidelity to the Father's will and great holiness. Prevalent in the third and fourth centuries.
This 4th century statement of belief enumerates the essential doctrines of Christianity, especially the mystery of the Blessed Trinity.
Christian teachers and writers of the early centuries whose explanations of the Apostolic Faith and personal sanctity are a witness to the Tradition of the Church.
The three Persons of the Trinity share the same divine nature. This is affirmed of Jesus in relation to the Father in the Nicene Creed. A Latin translation of the Greek homoousios.
In neo-Platonic philosopy, this lesser god created the material world. Gnostic heretics tried to make this idea compatible with Christianity.
Those characteristics that uniquely describe God: omniscience, omnipresence, omnibenevolence, perfection, and eternity.
This Gnostic heresy maintained that Jesus was a phantom or angel and only appeared to be man.
Doctor of the Church
One of 33 men and women whose teachings are especially helpful to understanding Christian doctrine.
Greek for "appearance."
This 4th century heresy rejected sacraments administered by clergy who had formerly betrayed then returned to the Faith, holding that sacramental validity depended on the holiness of the minister.
A formal synod of bishops (sometimes with other ecclesiastics) from the whole inhabited world convened to define doctrine, regulate the Christian life, or apply discipline in the church. The first such meeting was held at Nicaea in AD 325.
An early Hebrew word for God found in the Book of Genesis.
Latin for "and the Son." This addition to the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed expresses the double procession of God the Holy Spirit from both God the Father and God the Son. Beginning in the tenth century, the bishops of the East condemned this Western addition, thus contributing to the Great Schism.
From the Greek for "knowledge." The principal tenet of several related heresies consists in salvation being achieved through secret knowledge. Popular in the 2nd century, it sought to pervert the meaning of the Christian Faith, its expression, its life, and its symbols. (Material world is evil. Knowledge is Power.)
The name used by the Egyptians to describe the Israelites and related tribes; the language spoken by this people.
The obstinate denial by a baptized person of some truth that must be believed with divine faith.
These heretics thought Jesus to be of an essence similar to, but not identical with, God the Father. They rejected the use of the word homoousios in the Nicene Creed in favor of homoioousios (similar essence).
Greek for "of the same essence (substance or nature)."
A representation such as a statue or picture. Each person is a representation of God; that is, like God insofar as having intelligence, free will, and the capacity to love.
The quality of being unchangeable or unalterable.
A Greek word with a multitude of meanings, including word, account, meaning, reason, argument, saying, speech, story, and the like. The Gospel of St. John refers to Jesus as this term.
A form of Gnosticism, this heresy posited a dichotomy between light and darkness and claimed that, through rituals and sharing of knowledge, Christians could regain the light, which had been stolen by Satan and hidden in the brains of men and free it to return to its original source. 3rd century.
A theological system, who's inventor believed in a Demiurge, calling this force the jealous and vengeful God of Law, who revealed himself in the Old Testament. This heresy claimed that the God of Jesus Christ, the true God, has no law and is sent to bring about the demise of the Demiurge. This caused the founder of the heresy to renounce all Jewish influence on the Church, for which he was condemned.
From the Greek for "single" and "nature." This heresy claims there is only a single divine nature in Christ; any human nature he may have had was incorporated into his divine nature.
Refers to any religious tradition that believes in one God, such as Christianity, Islam, and Judaism.
From the Greek for "single" and "will." This heresy rightly claims Christ has two natures but wrongly claims he has only one (divine) will.
2nd century heresy whose founder believed a new, heavenly kingdom was imminent. One of the first apocalyptic heresies, its followers lived a very austere life, rejecting second marriages and flight from persecution.
The essence of a being considered as the principle of activity and defining its particular characteristics.
A school of philosophy holding that the logos was the highest created being and was not equal to the One. It views the material world as less perfect than the realm of ideas. Some heretics used these concepts to deny the divinity of Jesus Christ, while others used them to deny his humanity.
4th century heresy that rightly claimed Christ was both human and divine, but wrongly claimed he was neither fully human nor fully divine. It argued that Christ was a union of two beings, one human and the other divine.
The first official creed of the church, adopted in AD 325.
The quality of being perfectly good, an attribute that belongs only to God.
The quality of being all-powerful, an attribute that belongs only to God.
The quality of being present everywhere, an attribute that belongs only to God.
The quality of having perfect knowledge, an attribute that belongs only to God.
4th century heresy that denied the effects of Original Sin and the need of grace for salvation. It claimed that the sacraments are superfluous, because salvation can be worked out through good works alone.
Refers to any religious tradition that believes in more than one god, such as Zoroastrianism and most expressions of paganism.
The seventh day on which God rested after the work of the six days of creation was completed. In honor of Christ's Resurrection, Sunday is observed as this day and must include rest from labor and the worship of God, as required by the Third Commandment.
That which is positively immaterial, having no dependence on matter for its existence or activities. Having the power to know and love.
The essence of what someone or something actually is, rather than what it appears to be to the senses.
Greek for "God-bearer," often translated as "Mother of God." Used since the early centuries of the church, this title of Mary was defended by the 3rd Ecumenical Council.
Empty; without form. The state of the world before God gave it form and created beings to fill it.
The personal name of the God of Israel revealed to Moses on Mt. Sinai, meaning "I AM WHO I AM." This is rendered LORD in most Bibles.
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