Federal Period - Study Guide - quiz only (Mirror of Mr. J's)
Terms in this set (23)
Chief legal adviser to president (lawyer on the constitution).
Example that becomes standard practice.
To withdraw from membership in a country.
Secretary of treasury
The cabinet member in charge of nation's finances.
Secretary of War
The cabinet member in charge of nation's military.
Stirring up rebellion against a government through critical speech.
The idea that states have exclusive authority within their borders.
Tax on foreign goods.
Contrary to what is permitted by the U.S. Constitution.
Virginia & Kentucky Resolutions
Documents produced by James Madison and Thomas Jefferson, respectively, attacking the Alien & Sedition Acts as unconstitutional.
Served as Attorney General from 1794-95.
Was fourth Chief Supreme Court Justice after 1790. He strengthened the Supreme Court and made them more authoritive by having them support a majority decision in cases, resulting in a new principle in American politics. He also let the Supreme Court void unconstitutional laws.
Was second President of US, from 1797 to 1801. He faced tensions between US and France, resulting in the XYZ Affair in 1797. He also started an unofficial naval war between the US and France. He also passed the Alien and Sedition acts which later expired.
Was President from 1789-97. Established a functioning federal government, improved economy, avoided war, and made British leave forts Northwest Territory in US in settlement
Secretary of War was trusted General of War during Revolution
Believed people were selfish, ignorant, untrustworthy, and only looked out for themselves because of his rough upbringing. Wanted stronger central government led by elite few, and, as a federalist, believed in the govt having broader powers. Wanted industrial economy led by elite few and a national govt run bank to support businesses. Loose interpretation of Constn where govt could make laws they deemed necessary.
An imposed tax on whiskey in 1791 led to revolt in 1794 because farmers liked being able to make more money by turning corn into whiskey. They marched through Pittsburg and burnt houses of tax collectors until Washington sent a militia force of 13,000 troops to Pennsylvania, which showed the strength of the new republic.
Broader interpretation of the Constitution favored by federalists
Tighter interpretation if Const favored by Republicans
Alien & Sedition Acts
Acts passed by Congress that gave President power to deport people from foreign countries they're at war with, banned ppl from speaking out against the govt, and increased the time from 5 to 14 years that a person has to reside in the US to become a citizen. These were deemed unconstitutional, but since the Supreme Court didn't have the power to nullify it, they expired; Sedition Act in 1801 and Alien Act after 2 years
Adams sent 3 people to France to improve relations in 1797, but were met by three people called X, Y, and Z who demanded a bribe of $250,000 and a loan of several million dollars. America declined and many wanted war with France, but Adams instead increased the US army and navy to fight an undeclared naval war with France. Adams later sent another group to France to talk with Napolean, and in 1800, he agreed to stop attacking US ships.
Hamilton's Financial Plan
Agreed to pay all state debts off, create a national government bank that distributed money, and a imposed a high tariff (tax on imports.)
Securing West (battle and a treaty)
British troops remained in their forts in the Northwest, even after the Revolution and were supplying Native Americans to prevent expansion of the US to their area. Government forced Natives to sell land and gained most of Tennessee and part of Kentucky. Washington sent a small force to fight the Natives, then a larger force the next year. Washington appointed Anthony Wayne to lead fight against Natives and won a major battle called the Battle of Fallen Timbers. Led to the 1795 Treaty of Greenville where Natives gave up most of land from Ohio River in the south to Lake Erie in the north