Terms in this set (59)
Law, Prophet, Writings
What is th 3-fold division of the OT?
First five books of the Bible
What does the Pentateuch refer to?
To which wide geographical context did ancient Israel belong?
Mesopotamia, Egypt, Siri Palestine
What are the three major areas of the ANE?
Tigris and Euphrates, Egypt river is Nile, Israel river is Jordan
What are some of the major features of Mesopotamia: To which of the 3 areas of the ANE did Israel belong?
How did the Pentateuch come to be?
What is the documentary hypothesis and what did\does it attempt to explain?
Primordial and Ancestral
What is the two-fold structure of Genesis?
God is chief God of ANE, Sin and Punishment
what are the major literary motifs of Gen. 1-11?
etiology and genealogy
What are the two literary forms of Gen. 1-11?
How did something come to be?
what is an etiology?
What is the name of an ancient Babylonian creation account?
warfare and chaos
In general, how does creation take place in the Enuma Elish?
Which god does the Enuma Elish promote as the primary god of Babylon?
In the beginning/ When God began creating
What are the primary options for translating Gen. 1:1?
Procreate, go and create/ creation and dominion
What are the major features of creation according to Gen 1:1-2:4 and those of 2:4b-24. For instance, how does create in each account? What might it mean to be created in the image of God?
God is talking to the angels
How might the use of plural pronouns be used in reference to God in the creation of humanity: "Let US create humanity in OUR...?;
Story of immorality, to be like God
What are the major features and themes in the fall of Adam and Eve?
Driven from the garden and they are going to die
What are the curses?
Cain represents agriculture, Abel represents shepherds
What two life-styles does the story of Cain and Abel represent?
Flood story older in terms of written materials
What is the Gilgamesh Epic and what is its importance?
What geographical area is Abraham in when he is introduced?
What was Abraham's lifestyle?
The death of his father
At what event is Abraham order by God to depart?
descendants, lands and the blessing of the nations
What are the three major parts of the covenant?
what is the seal of the covenant in Gen. 17?
physical, social markers hard to remove
what are the important features of circumcision?
blessing at risk is major theme
what are the major literacy motifs of Gen. 12-50?
Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob
How is the promise to Abraham put at risk in Gen 12-50 in the lives of the three patriarchs?
name changed to Israel, from Jacob comes 12 Tribes from his 12 sons
What are the major features of Jacob story?
Last 3rd of Genesis devoted to Joseph
What are some features of the Joseph cycle of stories in Gen 37-50?
Who is the central character in Exodus?
Egyptian records do not say there are many Israelites, but records do talk about the Apiru which could include Israelites
Egyptian historical records and Israel
Midwives of Israel
Importance of Shiphra and Puah
brought up in the house of Pharaohs, does not forget his Hebrew heritage
Killed Egyptians who was beating Hebrew, so he leaves
Flight of Moses to Midian
he heard her cries and he remembers the covenant he made
what motivated God to act for Israel?
his name Yahweh and plan to save Israel
What does God reveal in call?
By what name does did A,I, and J know God?
What name does he reveal to Moses?
God made pharaoh resistant to Moses' requests
"hardening of heart of Pharaoh"
attempting killing of Moses by God
Moses refuse to go to Sinai, Moses blasphemes burning bush, Moses doesn't have circumsion
signs and wonders as war against Pharaoh and gods
Meaning of Zipporah's actions: feet
killing of firstborn
final plague and passover
Translated to Reed Sea, God divided Sea
Songs of Moses and Miriam
Song celebrates Yahweh as being mighty warrior that fights for Israel
mountain of covenant
Sinai reflects cosmic mountain theme of ANE
treaty agreement or contract
describe a covenant as being an agreement that requires the spilling of blood
parity and suzerainty
two types of treaties
treaty between equals and vassal
treaty between lesser and greater king
absolute and case/ conditional
what are the two types of stipulations?
ANE religion were mostly
God's covenant is a vassal treaty
How does vassal treaty relate to God's covenant with Israel?
God identifies himself in preamble
What is said in preamble of Israel's covenant?
God reminds Israel he saved them from red sea
What is the historical prologue?
What is the central and most important of the 19 stipulations?
the book of covenant
second half of covenant; longer than 10 commandments