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Terms in this set (26)
*past tense possible
used when the speaker wants to repeat something another person said and indicate his/her emotions
(이유) AVst게 되었어요.
'(Because of something out of my control,) I ended up..."
(과거) AVst은/ㄴ 모양이에요.
(미래) AV을/ㄹ 모양이에요.
*used w/Vst는/은/ㄴ 걸 보니까
used to guess a situation after an observation; 'It seems..., I guess that...'
expresses that while doing one thing, you left it uncompleted and started doing a second thing
expresses that the second action will occur after the first is completed
*cannot use 먹다/마시다/입다/가다'/오다' in 1st ('either) clause
indicates the time order of two actions occurring in diff. places w/the same object
expresses 1) surprise at something said or 2) that something said is false
*used w/~는데 only to express reason
'You should have...'
'You shouldn't have...'
'as soon as...' (simple time order)
*common sent. endings are ~ㄹ게요, ~겠습니다, and ~을 거예요 to make orders or suggestions
'as soon as' (2nd clause is dependent on the 1st clause happening)
expresses the situation in the 2nd clause is opposite what you would expect based on the 1st, 'although...actually/still...'
Vst어/아/여야지 그렇지 않으면
Vst지 말아야지 그렇지 않으면
'If you don't (1st clause), then (2nd clause) will occur'
'If you do (1st clause), then (2nd clause) will occur'
indicates action/state has finished and is no longer happening
저도 AVst(으)려던 참이었어요.
expresses the speaker was already intending to do something suggested
*for second usage, use ~었/았/였으면 to create 1st clause
expresses 1) speculation about a past situation (3인칭), or 2) regret for a past situation ('if I had/hadn't (1st clause), (2nd clause) would be true')
(있~없) AVst는 데다가
(과거) AVst은/ㄴ 데다가
*use N도 in 2nd clause
'additionally, not only...but also...'
N1(이)라든가 N2 같은/처럼 N3
used to provide examples (N1 and N2) of an item (N3), 'N3 like N1 and N2'
AVst는/ㄴ 다고 봅니다.
(있~없) DVst다고 봅니다.
(과거) Vst었/았/였다고 봅니다.
(미래) Vst을/ㄹ 거라고 봐요.
*used w/~기 때문에
expresses one's opinion in formal situations or about important matters
*common endings for 2nd clause are ~을/ㄹ 거예요 and ~고 싶어요
'if...' (emphasis on clause being a hypothetical situation/assumption)
*used w/~(으)면, ~은데, and ~어도
used to scold someone for not doing something
(Vst(이)니까) AVst는 편이에요.
(Vst(이)니까) DVst은/ㄴ 편이에요.
AVst는 편이 아니에요.
(과거) Vst는/은/ㄴ 편이었어요.
softens a positive or negative statement
*adj. --> 'on the ___ side'
*verb --> 'tend to ___'
V1st어/아/여야 V2stㄹ 수 있어요.
N이어야/여야 Vstㄹ 수 있어요.
V1st지 않아야 V2stㄹ 수 있어요.
V1st지 말아야 V2stㄹ 수 있어요.
expresses what you must do/need in order to be able to do V2
expresses surprise at seeing or hearing something
*expresses one's surprised impression of another's feelings
used to tell the listener a reason they didn't know, 'because...'
expresses that if a preferred option isn't available, the a 2nd option is acceptable
*used w/orders, suggestions, and questions
used to explain an occasion that one saw or experienced, 'I found that...'
**used to explain an occasion where the action you observed has already occurred
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