26 terms

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Vst다니

N(이)라니

*past tense possible
used when the speaker wants to repeat something another person said and indicate his/her emotions
(이유) AVst게 되었어요.

*used w/~어/아/여서
'(Because of something out of my control,) I ended up..."
AVst는 모양이에요.
DVst은/ㄴ 모양이에요.
N인 모양이에요.
(과거) AVst은/ㄴ 모양이에요.
(미래) AV을/ㄹ 모양이에요.

*used w/Vst는/은/ㄴ 걸 보니까
*3인칭
used to guess a situation after an observation; 'It seems..., I guess that...'
AVst 다가
expresses that while doing one thing, you left it uncompleted and started doing a second thing
AVst고 나서
expresses that the second action will occur after the first is completed
N을/를 Vst어/아/여다가

*cannot use 먹다/마시다/입다/가다'/오다' in 1st ('either) clause
indicates the time order of two actions occurring in diff. places w/the same object
Vst다니요?

N(이)라니요?
expresses 1) surprise at something said or 2) that something said is false
AVst지.
AVst지 말지.

*used w/~는데 only to express reason
'You should have...'
'You shouldn't have...'
AVst자마자
'as soon as...' (simple time order)
AVst는 대로

*common sent. endings are ~ㄹ게요, ~겠습니다, and ~을 거예요 to make orders or suggestions
'as soon as' (2nd clause is dependent on the 1st clause happening)
(있~없) AVst는데도
DVst은/ㄴ데도
N인데도
(과거) Vst었/았/였는데도
expresses the situation in the 2nd clause is opposite what you would expect based on the 1st, 'although...actually/still...'
Vst어/아/여야지 그렇지 않으면

Vst지 말아야지 그렇지 않으면
'If you don't (1st clause), then (2nd clause) will occur'

'If you do (1st clause), then (2nd clause) will occur'
Vst었/았/였었어요.
indicates action/state has finished and is no longer happening
저도 AVst(으)려던 참이었어요.
expresses the speaker was already intending to do something suggested
Vst었/았/였을 텐데요.

*for second usage, use ~었/았/였으면 to create 1st clause
expresses 1) speculation about a past situation (3인칭), or 2) regret for a past situation ('if I had/hadn't (1st clause), (2nd clause) would be true')
(있~없) AVst는 데다가

DVst은/ㄴ 데다가

N인 데다가

(과거) AVst은/ㄴ 데다가

*use N도 in 2nd clause
'additionally, not only...but also...'
N1(이)라든가 N2 같은/처럼 N3
used to provide examples (N1 and N2) of an item (N3), 'N3 like N1 and N2'
AVst는/ㄴ 다고 봅니다.
(있~없) DVst다고 봅니다.
N(이)라고 봅니다.
(과거) Vst었/았/였다고 봅니다.
(미래) Vst을/ㄹ 거라고 봐요.

*used w/~기 때문에
expresses one's opinion in formal situations or about important matters
(만약/만일) AVst는/ㄴ다면

(만약/만일) DVst다면

(만약/만일) N(이)라면

*common endings for 2nd clause are ~을/ㄹ 거예요 and ~고 싶어요
'if...' (emphasis on clause being a hypothetical situation/assumption)
AVst어/아/여야지(요).
AVst지 말아야지(요).

*used w/~(으)면, ~은데, and ~어도
used to scold someone for not doing something
(Vst(이)니까) AVst는 편이에요.
(Vst(이)니까) DVst은/ㄴ 편이에요.

AVst는 편이 아니에요.

(과거) Vst는/은/ㄴ 편이었어요.
softens a positive or negative statement
*adj. --> 'on the ___ side'
*verb --> 'tend to ___'
V1st어/아/여야 V2stㄹ 수 있어요.
N이어야/여야 Vstㄹ 수 있어요.

V1st지 않아야 V2stㄹ 수 있어요.
V1st지 말아야 V2stㄹ 수 있어요.
expresses what you must do/need in order to be able to do V2
Vst네요.
N(이)네요.
(과거) Vst었/았/였네요.
Vst겠네요.*
expresses surprise at seeing or hearing something

*expresses one's surprised impression of another's feelings
Vst거든요.
N(이)거든요.
(과거) Vst었/았/였거든요.
used to tell the listener a reason they didn't know, 'because...'
(Vst(으)면) N(이)라도
expresses that if a preferred option isn't available, the a 2nd option is acceptable
Vst던데
(과거) AVst었/았/였던데**

*used w/orders, suggestions, and questions
used to explain an occasion that one saw or experienced, 'I found that...'

**used to explain an occasion where the action you observed has already occurred