5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Martial Law
- Examine how the tactics used by Union generals Philip Sheridan and William Sherman.(435)
- Habeas corpus
- a Sherman used a tactic known as forage. This was used by striking into the enemy territory and to forage, or live off the land. Sherman continued to cause a path of destruction of cities, land and property where ever he went leaving the area a wasteland. This weakened enemy forces and moral.
- b a form of military rule that includes suspending Bill of Rights guarantees
- c Union forces, led by General Ulysses S. Grant, reached Jackson, the capital of Mississippi. They then turned and fought their way to Vicksburg. Grant then laid siege to Vicksburg. Conditions were harsh: they starved and ate horses, mules, and dogs. July 4, 1863, Vicksburg surrenders.
- d a writ requiring a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court, esp. to secure the person's release unless lawful grounds are shown for their detention.
- e Mainly democrats who called for ending the war at any price, even if that meant welcoming the South and slavery back into the Union or letting the slave states leave in Peace. Some encouraged Northerners to resist the war and others openly supported the South.
5 Multiple choice questions
- The Union wanted to capture the Confederate capital at Richmond, Virginia which was later destroyed my Sherman's march
- Opposed Lincoln's view that the war was only to preserve the Union and his refusal to make the end of slavery a goal of the war.
- Advantages of the North: the Union's three-pronged military strategy; Superior resources; twice the population Advantages of the South: Better army because of strong military tradition; resources provided by Europe
- Northern general who was put in charge after no other generals could defeat Lee. He marched into Virginia, set fire to Atlanta and destroyed Richmond.
- a fanatical Confederate sympathizer who killed Lincoln just 5 days after Lee's surrender.
5 True/False questions
Clara Barton → After the war, worked to identify thousands of soldiers who had perished at the Andersonville prison camp; founded the American Red Cross.
Explain the strategy the Grant adopted to defeat the Confederacy.(435) → advancing instead of retreating after every loss and attacking Lee in bloody battles. Grant knew he could replace his losses while his enemy could not. Superior numbers & a war of attrition.
State why the Battle of Gettysburg was so significant.(422) → The Battle of Gettysburg was significant because after 28,000 confederate men are killed, Lee decides to retreat. In turn, the Union army intended to pursue Lee. The Union only lost 23,000 men.
Chancellorsville → A battle about 30 miles from Washington, D.C., when 30,000 Northern troops fought a smaller Confederate force near a stream called Bull Run. Indication of war and the travesty of war. People thought they could have a "picnic" and watch the battle.
In this battle, technology aids the South (telegraph for more troops brought by train).
San Francisco → Commander of the Union Navy, led 20/24 ships successfully past several forts into the port of New Orleans, where it surrendered without a shot.