5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- State why the Battle of Gettysburg was so significant.(422)
- Battle of New Orleans
- Explain the strategy the Grant adopted to defeat the Confederacy.(435)
- a The Battle of Gettysburg was significant because after 28,000 confederate men are killed, Lee decides to retreat. In turn, the Union army intended to pursue Lee. The Union only lost 23,000 men.
- b advancing instead of retreating after every loss and attacking Lee in bloody battles. Grant knew he could replace his losses while his enemy could not. Superior numbers & a war of attrition.
- c pg. 419 Union troops and the Confederates battled on July 3 of 1862. After 3 days of war, Union troops were more than 23,000 and more than 28,000 for the Confederates. On July 4, Lee retreated to Virginia.
- d During the night, David Farragut led 20/24 ships successfully past several forts into the port of New Orleans, where it surrendered without a shot.
- e McClellan found a copy of Lee's plans and realized that the Confederate forces were divided and he could destroy Lee's army. McClellan attacked Lee at Antietam Creek in 1862. He forced Lee to retreat back into Virginia but his army was too damaged to pursue Lee and finish him.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Sherman used a tactic known as forage. This was used by striking into the enemy territory and to forage, or live off the land. Sherman continued to cause a path of destruction of cities, land and property where ever he went leaving the area a wasteland. This weakened enemy forces and moral.
- The Union wanted to capture the Confederate capital at Richmond, Virginia which was later destroyed my Sherman's march
- a fanatical Confederate sympathizer who killed Lincoln just 5 days after Lee's surrender.
- After the war, worked to identify thousands of soldiers who had perished at the Andersonville prison camp; founded the American Red Cross.
- Northern general who was put in charge after no other generals could defeat Lee. He marched into Virginia, set fire to Atlanta and destroyed Richmond.
5 True/False questions
Ft. Sumter → Federal fort in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina; the confederate attack on the fort marked the start of the Civil War
George McClellan → Northern general who was put in charge after no other generals could defeat Lee. He marched into Virginia, set fire to Atlanta and destroyed Richmond.
Jonathan King → war on all aspects of the enemy's life
List three consequences of the attack on Fort Sumter. (416) → Advantages of the North: the Union's three-pronged military strategy; Superior resources; twice the population Advantages of the South: Better army because of strong military tradition; resources provided by Europe
Jefferson Davis → Chosen as Confederate President