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World Music Final

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What is the Arabic/Turkish system of modes and rules for improvisation?
maqam (makam)
what are the building blocks of the Arabic modal system?
ajnas
Ajnas consist of ______, _______, or _______.
trichords, tetrachords, pentachords
What is the Islamic call to prayer?
adhan
What is the Persian mode or system of rules for melodic development?
dastgah
What are the short melodic phrases found in Persian classical music?
gusheh
What is the tonal repertoire/collection of melodies in Persian classical music?
radif
The piecing together pre-existing melodic fragments to "improvise" the construction of a larger composition is _________
Centonization
Centonization is used by what tradition?
Persia
What is the cyclic rhythmic framework that organizes a raga performance in India?
tala
What is the set of rules used to form melodies in Indian classical music?
raga
T/F: There are rules of modulation in the raga system.
False
What is the opening section of a raga performance in which a performer "explores" the raga?
alap
What is the skeletal melody used as a basis for improvisation in a raga performance of classical Indian instruments music?
gat
What is the mood or sentiment associated with artistic creativity in India?
rasa
What is concept of soundless space?
Ma
What is the musical tradition that values the concept of Ma?
Japan
What is the 3-part structure of Japanese music?
Jo-Ha-Kyu
What part of the Japanese 3-part structure is found at the beginning and is formless?
Jo
What part of the Japanese 3-part structure establishes the meter?
ha
What part of the Japanese 3-part structure accelerates the meter to completion?
kyu
Pansori is a musical genre of what country?
Korea
T/F: Pansori melody is best described as conjunct and tuneful.
False
What is the function of Pansori?
storytelling
What is musical theater in Japan called?
Kabuki
What is the ceremonial music in Japan called?
Gagaku
T/F: Gagaku music usually involves high rhythmic density.
False
What is the Beijing Opera in China called?
Jingju
T/F: The music of Beijing Opera favors relaxed vocal timbres and low registers .
False
Which tradition values stylized "beautiful" movement?
Jingju
What is the Arabic ensemble called?
takht
What types of instruments does the Arabic takht ensemble typically have?
zithers, bowed and plucked lutes, drums and aerophones
what is the "civic ensemble" in Beijing Opera (featuring strings and winds) called?
wenchang
What is the organological system called in China?
Bayin
The conception of Bayin is based on what?
construction material
The military ensemble in China is called what?
wuchang
what are the 2 instrument families featured in Sizhu music?
aerophones, chordophones
The dhkir ceremony is central to what tradition?
Sufism
What are the drums used in Hindustani music?
tabla
What type of instrument is the santur?
hammered zither
what tradition is the santur from?
Persian
what type of instrument is the shamisen?
fretless plucked lute
what country is the shamisen from?
Japan
what type of instrument is the koto?
plucked zither
What is the national instrument of Japan?
Koto
what type of instrument is the tambura?
round-bodied lute
what country is the tambura from?
India
what instrument provides the "drone" element in Indian classical music?
tambura
What country is the sitar from?
India
what type of instrument is the sitar?
fretted plucked lute
what instrument is a melodic instrument in India?
sitar
what type of instrument is the tar?
fretted plucked lute
what tradition is the tar from?
Persian tradition
what type of instrument is the ud?
fretless, plucked lute
what tradition is the ud from?
Arabic tradition
What is the "scholars instrument" in China?
gu qin
what type of instrument is the gu qin?
plucked zither
what type of instrument is the erhu?
bowed lute
what country is the erhu from?
china
what is the texture of Gu Qin music?
monophonic
what musical elements does gu qin emphasize?
melodic and subtle timbral variation
what is the texture of Hindustani music?
homophonic
Hinustani music emphasizes what?
rhythmic complexity, melodic ornamentation, drones, pitch bending
What two musical concepts does Indian tala involve?
rhythm, timbre
What are the mnemonic syllables corresponding to drum strokes in Indian drumming traditions called?
bols
What is the most common Indian tala, which has 16 beats divided into 4 groups of 4?
tintal
What is the texture of Korean Pansori music?
monophonic
what musical elements does Korean music emphasize?
vibrato, compound meters, ornamentation (vibrato), timbre ("strong flavors"
what musical elements does Japanese music emphasize?
melody, silence, timbre, themes and variations
What is the texture of Chinese sizhu music?
heterophonic
what musical elements does sizhu music emphasize?
ornamentation, high register
what musical elements does gagaku music emphasize?
long sustained tones, timbre
Which type of Chinese music follows the tonal contour of the language?
Jingju/Beijing opera
What do the Islamic aesthetics emphasize?
intricacy, delicacy, complexity
What is considered "legitimate" music in the Islamic tradition?
music for worship
What is considered "controversial" music in the Islamic tradition?
art or entertainment music, non-islamic sacred music
What is considered "illegitimate" music in the Islamic tradition?
sensual and pop music
what musical elements does middle eastern music emphasize?
melody, microtones, ornamentation
T/F. The "Silk Road" refers primarily to the Jewish diaspora
False
The musical traditions of Israel include influence from who?
eastern europe, yemen, russia
T/F: Armenian Christian singing tends to be more syllabic than Arabic counterparts
True
What is the national instrument of Armenia?
duduk
What is the texture of Jewish cantillation?
monophonic
what is the musical tradition that involves unison singing, shifting tonal singers and mellismatic text setting?
Sufi