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Aedile and Tribune
All jobs were controlled by Patricians except for 2. One was shared with Plebeians and the other was totally controlled by them. What were these 2 jobs?
Sardinia and Corsica
Carthage lost Sicily in 241 B.C. after the First Punic War. 3 years later, Rome stole 2 more islands from them. Which 2 were they?
surprise attack, Rome had naval blockade
In 218 B.C., the Second Punic War began with Hannibal invading Italy via the Alps. Give 2 reasons why he came through that route.
Hannibal brought a secret weapon with him. What was it and how many were there during the Second Punic War?
Hannibal set off with 100,000. What % of his army was lost crossing the Alps during the Second Punic War?
Rome lost 50,000 soldiers in 217 B.C. at the battle of _ _ _ _ / _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ during the Second Punic War?
Rome lost 80,000 soldiers in 216 B.C at the battle of _ _ _ _ _ _ during the Second Punic War?
old people, young men, slaves
Which 3 groups were now forced into the army during the Second Punic War? (3)
burned and salted fields to drive Hannibal south, avoided battle, trained a new army of 200,000 over 2 years
How did Fabius Maximus save Rome during the Second Punic War?(3)
provided supplies to city, stopped allied cities from surrendering
How did the navy save Rome during the Second Punic War? (2)
Who defeated Hannibal at the battle of Zama in 202 B.C. during the Second Punic War?
burned it 3 times, salted it, cursed it, buried it
What did Rome do to Carthage in the end? (3 + 1 e.c.)
created a committee of 3 tribunes to give land to landless, from Carthage
What did Tiberius Gracchus's brother try to accomplish? (2)
swore an oath of loyalty to him, paid their wages, promised land for landless to retire on
Which 3 of Marius's army reforms contributed to the fall of the Republic?
Generals now controlled the army, not the Senate.
How did the changes Marius made weaken the Republic?
If 1 man can save it, it's already a Monarchy.
Why could Sulla not possibly succeed in restoring the Republic?
added 400 yes men which destroyed vitality, had them face his large throne, had first and last word
How did Sulla weaken the Senate (apart from proscriptions) (3)
met secretly, one would be Consul each year and give armies to all 3
How did the First Triumvirate work?
all 3 got 100% of army
What did the arrangement in having Consul each year accomplish in the First Triumvirate?
Caesar -- ideas, Crassus -- money, Pompey -- army
Which 3 politicians were in the First Triumvirate and what was special about each one?
They were no longer family, since Julia was Caesar's daughter and Pompey's wife.
How did Julia's death cause the demise of the First Triumvirate?
Crassus died fighting Parthians
What happened at the battle of Carrhae in 54 B.C. which further weakened the First Triumvirate?
Brutus -- save the Republic, Cassius -- jealousy
Which 2 Senators led the assassination of Caesar and what were their motives?
Octavian -- Caesar's heir, Marc Antony -- Caesar's best friend, Lepidus -- Caesar's #2 general
Which 3 politicians were in the Second Triumvirate and what was special about each one?
Antony would not give Octavian his inheritance, Antony kept calling Octavian "boy," Antony dumped Octavia for Cleopatra, Antony was rumored to want to move the capital to Alexandria
Why did the Second Triumvirate collapse? (4)
laws for life -- consul, sacrosanct for life -- tribune, everything for life -- dictator, religion -- Pontifex Maximus
What political powers did Octavian amass from 31 -- 28 B.C.? (4)
To get more power. God -- deus, chief -- princeps, Augustus -- Exalted One Your Majesty
Why did Octavian suddenly retire in 27 B.C. and what did he gain by this action? (3)
wore all purple togas, moved Rome's sacred ditch, renamed Quintilis July, moved the Rostra to face people not Senate, took the title Dictator Perpetuus, increased calendar by 5 days to 365, rebuilt the Forum, added foreigners to Senate, built temple to Venus as largest building and claimed he was related to her, put up statues of himself everywhere
Give at least 10 reasons as to why Julius Caesar was murdered.
doubling its size, making it into a cavalry, making it wear chainmail
Diocletian strengthened the Roman army by (3)
the Romans seered him, it was an easier place to defend, it was vital for trade
Constantine moved the capital because ___________. (3)
legalized all religions, became a Christian on his deathbed
With regard to religion, Constantine _______. (2)
Middle Kingdom, harmony between heaven and earth
Write the Chinese symbols for China and explain what they mean.
Born good, turn bad, need to be retaught. Respect your elders. Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.
Write 3 phrases which are Confucian.
emperor - people, husband - wife, friend - friend, brother - brother, father - son
How did Confucius believe harmony could be achieved? Give 5 examples.
Zhen, Shih Huang Ti
Who became First Emperor of China in 221 B.C.? Give his first name and his later name.
What event is seen as the cause of China technologically stagnating and eventually falling behind?
scholars, Confucian philosophers, artists
Shih Huang Ti purged/wiped out 3 groups. Which 3 groups were they?
replicas of other 6 palaces he had conquered
What did Shih Huang Ti build in the Forbidden City to remind him of his victories?
kept killing artists so they would not reveal location
Why did the quality of the terra cotta soldiers get worser and worser during Shih Huang Ti's rule?
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