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Civics Unit 1
Terms in this set (16)
A principle of constitutional government; a government whose powers are defined and limited by a constitution.
a government in which people elect delegates to make laws and conduct government
Framers of the constitution
Benjamin Franklin, Elbridge Gerry, Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, Rufus King, James Madison, George Mason, Gouverneur Morris,
Edmund Randolph, Roger Sherman, George Washington
1st Continental Congress
On September 1774, delegates from 12 colonies gathered in Philadelphia. After debating, the delegates passed a resolution backing Mass. in its struggle. Decided to boycott all British goods and to stop exporting goods to Britain until the Intolerance Act was canceled.
2nd Continental Congress
Convention of delegates from the Thirteen Colonies that started meeting in the spring of 1775 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It succeeded the First Continental Congress, which met in Philadelphia between September 5, 1774, and October 26, 1774.
Declaration of Independence
the document recording the proclamation of the second Continental Congress (4 July 1776) asserting the independence of the colonies from Great Britain
Articles of Confederation
A weak constitution that governed America during the Revolutionary War.
Proposal for a house of representatives based on population
New Jersey Plan
Every state gets one vote like the senate
created two houses of congress, one where the number of votes determined the population of each state (House of Representatives) and one where each state had equal votes (Senate)
-each slave would count for 3/5 of a person for taxation and representation purposes
Commerce and slave trade compromise
an agreement during the Constitutional Convention protecting slave holders; denied Congress the power to tax the export of goods from any State, and, for 20 years, the power to act on the slave trade
Federalist vs. Anti-Federalist
Federalist pushed for adoption of the Constitution and Anti-Federalist were against ratification
Where did the ideas from the constitution come from?
By delegates in the continental congress
How did the founders' fear of power shape our nation's documents?
How did the relationship between England and the Colonies breed feelings of a new nation?