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Chapter 6: Europe
Terms in this set (108)
Europe's relative location is ____:
one of centrality within the land hemisphere
The North European Lowland:
is the most densely populated of Europe's landscape regions
Regions that produce surpluses of goods needed elsewhere exhibit ___.
Which of the following is CORRECT regarding immigration trends in Europe?
immigration in Europe is offsetting population decline.
The Industrial Revolution in Europe:
initially was focused in Britain, where machinery was invented and the use of steam to power engines emerged
Europe's political revolution
involved progress toward parliamentary representation and democracy
Which of the following was once a clear example of a European nation-state?
___ forces divide a nation.
Europe's unofficial lingua franca (common language) is:
The three principles of spatial interaction are:
complementarity, intervening opportunity, transferability
Which country wishes to become part of the European Union and but has been unsuccessful despite long-term negotiating?
Which of the following is not an example of European supranationalism?
the United Kingdom's position toward the European Monetary Union
Which of the following countries was part of the group that initiated the European Union?
The process whereby regions within a state demand and gain political strength and growing autonomy is known as:
Which of the following cities is not a part of one of the Four Motors of Europe?
Which of the following groups have formed a rapidly growing minority presence in many European countries?
___ dominates the Mainland Core demographically and economically.
Germany's Ruhr industrial complex is linked via the Rhine River to the port of:
Which country in the Discontinuous South was a charter member of the European Union?
Thee major river in western Germany, which enters the North Sea through the Netherlands and which passes through the Ruhr is the ___.
German reunification ___:
occurred in 1990
The only European country with coastlines on the Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea, and the North Sea is:
The Benelux consists of these countries.
The Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg
Which of the following statements is true?
Paris initially benefited from an excellent site and Paris initially benefited from an excellent situation
The administrative headquarters of the EU is located in:
Which of the following cities is located in the Randstad conurbation?
Identify the country in Europe's Mainland Core that is not a member of the EU.
Significant oil and natural gas supplies have been found beneath the:
The U.K. consists of:
Wales, England, Scotland, and Northern Ireland
The population of Northern Ireland:
is mostly Protestant
The Discontinuous North
is comprised of the Scandinavian countries, Norway, Denmark, and Sweden
Which of the countries in the Discontinuous North has benefited the most from North Sea oil?
The country located on the Jutland Peninsula and the smallest state (in area) in the Discontinuous North is:
Which city in the Discontinuous North serves as a break of bulk, or entrepôt, city?
___ has more in common, ethnically and linguistically, with Finland than its other neighboring states, and is therefore included as part of The Discontinuous North.
The Iberian Peninsula is isolated from the rest of Europe by which mountain range?
Which country in the Discontinuous South confronts a significant devolutionary movement among its Basque population?
Italy's economic core, no longer focused on Rome, is located today in:
the Po River Valley
Which of the following cities is located in Italy's and Europe's core area?
Northern and Southern Italy are divided by the:
The land body located directly across the Strait of Gibraltar from southernmost Spain is _______________.
The Autonomous Community located in northeastern Spain just south of the Pyrenees Mountains that is centered on industrialized Barcelona is known as:
Spain and the U.K. are in dispute over which piece of territory:
The capital and primate city of Greece is:
The divided eastern Mediterranean island contested by both Greece and Turkey is:
The international community recognizes which government on Cyprus?
A sub region of the Discontinuous South is a zone of politico-geographical splintering and fracturing known as:
a shatter belt
The term Balkanization refers to:
The division and fragmentation of a subregion of the Discontinuous South of Europe
The Danube River empties into the:
Which of the following countries in the Eastern Periphery does not form part of the European Union?
The industrial heartland of Poland is located in:
The Russian exclave located between Lithuania and Poland is called:
Which former Soviet Socialist Republic, with its capital at Mensk (Minsk), is also called White Russia, and is still strongly linked to Moscow?
Slovakia contains a large _______ minority.
When a state seeks to acquire the neighboring territory that is home to ethnically similar people and territory on the other side of its international border by appealing to a concentrated group, this action is termed:
The largest ethnic minority in Ukraine are the:
Bulgarians during the Soviet period were loyal to Moscow because:
the Russians were responsible for driving the Turks from this area
Which of the following is not a state created by the breakup of former Yugoslavia?
Which state contains Serb, Croat, and Muslim populations that were finally brought together in 1995 at a U.S.-run peace conference?
An unusual aspect of Albania is:
its dominantly Muslim population
Of the four landscape regions in Europe, the Central Uplands has been the realm's leading avenue for internal migrations and external invasions.
The Treaty of Westphalia is key to modern Europe's state system.
Most countries in Europe have significant population growth
The number of adherents to Christianity is growing in Europe
Although it pursued the acquisition of territory and precious metals, mercantilism was not concerned with actively spreading Christianity throughout the New World.
Britain's Midlands, Germany's Ruhr, and Poland's Silesia all possessed major coal deposits that helped launch Industrial Revolutions.
Transferability is a spatial interaction concept related to the costs of overcoming the distance between two places.
The spatial interaction principle of complementarity refers to the ability to move a good at a bearable cost.
The Law of the Primate City holds that a country's leading city is disproportionately large and exceptionally expressive of national capacity and feeling.
Modern supranationalism in Europe began with the creation of Benelux in 1944.
The European Parliament meets in Strasbourg, France
Because of internal bickering, the European Union in 2009 contained fewer member-states than it did when founded in 1957.
Each of the three Benelux countries is a member of the European Union.
The United Kingdom, a charter member of the European Common Market, quit that organization in disagreement in 1973.
The leading states of the region we have defined as the Mainland Core are France and Germany.
The Ruhr is located in the Paris Basin.
The city of Paris has great advantages of site, but major disadvantages in its situation.
Although reunified since 1990, former East Germany still lags economically behind former West Germany.
The Randstad conurbation connects the capital cities of Belgium and the Netherlands.
To a considerable degree, Belgium and the Netherlands are in a position of economic complementarity.
Northern Ireland is part of the United Kingdom. Scotland, and.
Northern England, well endowed with major industrial areas, is the United Kingdom's most affluent subregion.
The northeastern corner of Ireland historically was a haven for English and Scottish Protestants and remains under British control.
The Republic of Ireland (Eire) is situated in the northern portion of that island, and is today once again ruled by the British government.
Regionally, Iceland is a part of the Discontinuous North.
Due largely to its peripheral location, the Discontinuous North remains largely underdeveloped.
The three largest countries in the Discontinuous North
Stockholm is Norway's capital city
Denmark, because of its location south of the waterways that lead to the entrance of the Baltic Sea, is not considered part of the region of the Discontinuous North.
An entrepôt, such as Copenhagen, is a place where goods are collected, stored, and transshipped
After its medieval period of prominence, the Po Plain has lost nearly all of its national importance within Italy.
Although the Po Plain has great agricultural advantages, what marks this lowland today is the greatest development of manufacturing in Mediterranean Europe.
Greece's vegetation has been seriously reduced by centuries of deforestation.
There are no members of the European Union in the Eastern Periphery
The balkanization of a region implies its political unification.
Slovenia seceded from Yugoslavia in the early 1990s.
Albania was part of former Yugoslavia.
Kosovo is a country fully recognized by all other countries.
Bulgaria, which did not appear on the map until 1878, joined the EU in 2007.
The Alps are mostly found in Austria and _______.
A country's leading urban center, disproportionately large and exceptionally expressive of national feelings, is known as its__________city.
The northernmost territorial component of the United Kingdom, which is today prone to devolution, is__________.
An international cooperative venture involving the voluntary participation of three or more countries in an economic or political association is known as__________.
_______is the general term for a large, megalopolis-like urban complex that is formed by the coalescence of two or more metropolitan areas.
The country in the Discontinuous North that is not located on the European mainland is _________.
Even more than the United Kingdom, th European country that has benefited most from the North Sea oil boom is__________.
The Iberian Peninsula is isolated from the rest of Europe by a high range called the __________ Mountains.
Italy's economic core area, no longer focused on Rome, is now centered on the city of __________.
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