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Module 41: Theories of Emotion - Characteristics & Examples
Terms in this set (17)
Characteristic: Stimulus leads to arousal. Then when we are aware of the arousal, we have the experience of the emotion.
Characteristic: Physiological arousal triggers our experience of the emotion.
Example: Snake slithers towards you. Heart rate increases, breathing increases, perspiring increases, digestion decreases. When you are aware of these characteristics of arousal, you are experiencing fear.
Characteristic: Physiological arousal is separate and simultaneous with our experience of emotion.
Characteristic: Our emotion is not due to our awareness of our arousal (instead arousal and awareness happen simultaneously).
Example: Seeing a snake causes physiological arousal (increased heart rate, digestion decreases) and, at the same time, is experiencing fear.
Example: injected with epinephrine, people are more pumped up. They go into room with somebody happy or sad, and when they are told beforehand that they will be aroused, they do not catch the other's emotion. If they are not told this; however, they do catch the other person's emotion.
Characteristic: How we understand our level of physiological arousal (cues from others or the situation) is crucial to the experience of emotion.
Characteristic: Cognitive appraisal (label) of physiological arousal leads us to whatever emotion we are feeling.
Characteristic: Different from James-Lange theory in that this theory says that one is not just aware of one's arousal, but after that awareness one puts an actual emotional label for the arousal (example: sad, happy, excited, fearful).
Characteristic: Sensory information takes the "high road," where it goes to the thalamus, through the cortex (where we understand it), and finally to the amygdala (where we put an emotional label on the information, example: complex emotions such as love or hatred).
Characteristic: Sensory information takes the "low road," where it goes to the thalamus, skipping the cortex, and going directly to the amygdala (where we detect the emotion (example: basic "survival" emotions such as like, dislike, fear).
Characteristic: Cognitive appraisal, can differentiate between what is a fear and what is not, what is appealing to you and what is not, etc.
Example: Thinking about airplane turbulence, either by calming yourself down by thinking about "It's just like potholes" or by heightening your anxiety by thinking "We're crashing!"
theory that some emotional responses occur instantly in the brain; sometimes we feel before we think
Experience of emotion depends on how the situation is labelled. We label the situation, which then leads to emotional and physiological response
facial feedback hypothesis
Emotional expressions can cause the emotional experiences they signify. Lends support to the James-Lange Theory.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
AP Psych Module 37: Motivation
AP Psych Module 43
AP Psych Module 41
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