Upgrade to remove ads
Chapter 4: Cultural Issues in Clinical Psychology
Terms in this set (11)
the field that examines the impact of culture, race, ethnicity, and gender on behaviors and thoughts and focuses on how such factors may influence the origin, nature, and treatment of abnormal behavior
Fourth Force Psychology
Some argue that multiculturalism is the defining issue of the current generation of psychology
Defining paradigms of previous generations have included
Multiculturalism can enhance any of previous "forces"
how multicultural competence is defined?
"the counselor's acquisition of awareness, knowledge, and skills needed to function effectively in a pluralistic democratic society... "3 main components: awareness, knowledge, and skills
how the field is attempting to measure it multicultural competence
not really being measured concretely, but basically seeing if youre not completely messing up
Learning about one's own culture
Values, assumptions, biases
these become embedded in the therapies we use.
By doing so, become less egocentric
Also, realize that differences are not deficiencies
Exploring one's own prejudices in order to minimize them
Cultural Competence: Knowledge of Diverse Cultures
Can gain knowledge by
Relationships with people of various cultures
Asking client to explain cultural meaning (to a limited extent)
Remember that there are exceptions to cultural trends
Metaphor—Asian men tend to be relatively short, but Yao Ming is 7' 6"
Cultural Competence: Culturally Appropriate Clinical Skills
Techniques should be consistent with the values and life experiences of each client
"Talk therapy" may work better for some cultural groups than for others
Some cultural groups may respond more positively to "action" than "insight"
Emphasizes similarities between all people, looks from outside the situation or culture
Downplays culture-based differences, we "all" have trauma, instead of looking at the individual
Emphasizes culture-specific norms
Appreciate clients in the context of their own culture from within the social group
Tripartite Model of Personal Identity
Three levels of identity
Every person is totally unique
Every person is like some others
Every person is like all others
Clinical psychologists can recognize all three levels for any client
Be familiar with what leaders in the field (i.e. Foaud, 2006 as noted in your text) are saying graduate programs should do to improve cultural competence.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Chapter 1: Defining Clinical Psychology
Chapter 2: Evolution of Clinical Psychology
Chapter 3: Current Controversies
Chapter 5: Ethical Issues in Clinical Psychology
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Clinical Psychology Chapters 4 & 5
Cultural Diversity Chapters 1-9 (Jerry Diller)
Basic Concepts and Philosophies
Multicultural Psych: Counseling the culturally div…
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
OB Psych P. 2
Organizational Psychology Final
Chapter 16: Organizational Design and Effectiveness
Chapter 15: Organizational Design & Effectiveness