Terms in this set (60)
Instruments that require wood and wind to produce the sound.
The lowest woodwind instrument. It uses a double reed to produce the sound. It is usually found playing in an orchestra
The higher sounding double reed instrument. It has a raspier tone than that of a clarinet
A single reeded instrument similar in pitch to an Oboe but has a warmer tone.
A high sounding woodwind instrument. It has an airy sound.
A very high sounding flute. It sounds like a small chirping bird. It is like a very small flute.
A woodwind instrument not traditionally found in an orchestra. It is usually used for pop and jazz music. It has a raspier tone than that of a clarinet or oboe.
Instruments made from metal with a mouthpiece. The sound is made by vibrating the lips. All these instruments use a valve system to play the notes.
The lowest and biggest brass instrument.
The second lowest sounding brass instrument. It has a slide valve which allows the player to play glissandos easily
The French Horn
Has a circular shape and is the second highest sounding brass instrument.
The highest sounding brass instrument. It can be used in classical music as well as jazz and pop music.
The family of instruments which have strings. The sound is produced by bowing or plucking the strings.
The largest and lowest string instrument.
The second lowest string instrument. It is larger than a violin and smaller than a double bass.
A string instrument which is slightly larger and lower than a violin.
The highest and smallest string instrument.
Usually found in an orchestra. Unlike the clarsach it is much bigger and has pedals that allow the players to change key easily.
A stringed instrument that is played by plucking or strumming the strings with fingers, or using a plectrum. It would not be found in an orchestra.
Instruments that are played by striking, shaking or scraping
Percussion instrument that can play a tune or different notes.
A tuned percussion instrument with metal bars.
A tuned percussion instrument with wooden bars.
A large copper coloured drum. The pitches of each drum can be changed, either by hand or by a pedal. Usually found in an orchestra
Percussion instruments which cannot play a tune and just produce sound.
An untuned percussion instrument can be crashed together or struck with a stick or beater.
An untuned percussion instrument, it is made of hollowed out wood and scraped with a wooden stick.
An untuned percussion instrument, consisting of two drums joined in a pair and are usually played with the hands.
An untuned instrument popular in Spanish music.
Instruments which have keyboards.
An early keyboard instrument dating back to the
Baroque period. The strings inside the instrument are plucked.
A keyboard instrument, where the sound is produced by hammers striking the strings inside it.
This is a keyboard instrument usually found in a church. It normally has more than one keyboard, foot pedals and pipes.
When a string instrument is played with a bow.
When a string instrument is plucked.
Con sordino means muted. Using a device which changes the sound of an instrument. Brass instruments and string instruments can use mutes.
A method of playing a woodwind or brass instrument where the player rolls the letter r.
A very fast repetition of a note on a percussion instrument, eg on a snare drum or timpani.
An electronic effect used in rock music to colour the sound of an electric guitar.
A word to describe how the tempo, melodic, and harmonic materials are combined in a composition, thus determining the overall quality of the sound in a piece.
A texture: where you hear a melody with accompaniment, or, where all the parts play a similar rhythm at the same time.
A texture: which consists of two or more independent melodic lines.
A texture: which consists of two or more independent melodic lines. Similar to Polyphony!
How the music is divided into sections.
Binary Form (AB)
Two distinct sections. The sections are usually set out as either A:B or AA:BB.
Ternary Form (ABA)
A form of music with three distinct sections. The sections are set out:- A:B:A The repeated A section may vary slightly from the original.
Rondo form (ABACA)
A form of music with a recurring main section.
The order of the section is shown below
Music in verse form or verse/chorus form.
Commonly found in hymns and popular songs.
Theme and Variation
Where a simple melody is varied through musical means. This may include changes in rhythm, tonality or tempo.
In music, a passage that brings a piece to an end.
Each part has the same melody entering one after the other. Sometimes called a round.
A passage which links two important ideas.
Any set of musical notes ordered by sound.
Whole Tone Scale
A scale consisting entirely of intervals of a tone, with no semitones.
A scale consisting entirely of intervals of semitones.
Two parts which move in opposite directions.
A progression of (at least) two chords that concludes a phrase, section, or piece of music.
It is how a piece of music ends.
A perfect cadence is a phrase that ends with chord V (5) to chord I (1). It sounds finished!
The last chord at the end of a phrase is V. It sounds unfinished.
A change of key mid way through the music. It usually rises and creates a lifting feeling.
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