Clover SM - Ch.21 Nutrition and Weight Management
Terms in this set (25)
sum of all physical and chemical changes that take place in the body; the conversion of food to energy
Substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair itself, and to supply you with energy
main source of energy for the body;
get's broken down into glucose which is stored in the liver and muscle tissue
Storage form of glucose
Units of heat that measure the energy used by the body and the energy that foods supply to the body
required for tissue growth and repair and necessary components of hormones, enzymes, and blood plasma
insulates and protects the body's organs;
divided into saturated and unsaturated
high-density lipoproteins formed within cells to remove cholesterol from the cell bringing it to the liver for disposal
fiber found in food
forms of dietary fiber that dissolve or swell in water
Form of dietary fiber that binds water but does not dissolve; it adds bulk to the diet and improves elimination.
Essential nutrients that do not yield energy, but that are required for growth and proper functioning of the body.
water soluble vitamins
B and C
Fat soluble vitamins
A, D, E, K
Elements found in food that are used by the body
An abnormally low amount of water in the body.
Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs)
Acceptable range of quantities of vitamins and minerals for each gender and age group
educational tool that enables incorporating dietary guidelines into daily use
basal metabolic rate (BMR)
the rate at which the body burns energy when the organism is resting
driving force for water intake
A fat that is solid at room temperature and found in animal fats, lards, and dairy products.
A fat that is liquid at room temperature and found in vegetable oils, nuts, and seeds.
a fatty substance that travels through the blood and is found in all parts of the body
building blocks of proteins
high carbohydrate diet
Which diet has been shown to increase an athlete's endurance and provide a quick source of energy.
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