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Terms in this set (36)
basic emotional style that appears early in development and is largely genetic in origin
internal locus of control
the perception that you control your own fate
a personality test, such as the Rorschach or TAT, that provides ambiguous stimuli designed to trigger projection of one's inner dynamics
MMPI (Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory)
the most widely researched and clinically used of all personality tests. Originally developed to identify emotional disorders (still considered its most appropriate use), this test is now used for many other screening purposes.
study of the unconscious, includes childhood and aggression issues
Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
a projective test in which people express their inner feelings and interests through the stories they make up about ambiguous scenes
historically significant perspective that emphasized the growth potential of healthy people and the individual's potential for personal growth
the tendency to perceive oneself favorably
A personality dimension (part of the big 5) that describes someone who is good natured, cooperative, and trusting.
the transformation of unacceptable impulses into socially valued motivations
according to Maslow, one of the ultimate psychological needs that arises after basic physical and psychological needs are met and self-esteem is achieved; the motivation to fulfill one's potential
Neo-Freudian; introduced concept of "inferiority complex" and stressed the importance of birth order
Represents the conscience, holds rules, values for socially acceptable behavior
personality tests that ask individuals to answer a series of questions about their characteristic behavior
in psychoanalytic theory, the basic defense mechanism that banishes from consciousness anxiety-arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories
views behavior as influenced by the interaction between people's traits (including their thinking) and their social context.
all our thoughts and feelings about ourselves, in answer to the question, "Who am I?"
giving priority to the goals of one's group (often one's extended family or work group) and defining one's identity accordingly
Critics of humanistic psychology have suggested that this theory fails to appreciate the reality of our human capacity for this.
Humanistic; self-concept and unconditional positive regard drive personality
the interacting influences between personality and environmental factors
overestimating others' noticing and evaluating our appearance, performance, and blunders (as if we presume a spotlight shines on us)
People with unrealistically high self esteem react this way when they are criticized.
Trait theory of personality
That we are made up of a collection of traits, behavioral predispositions that can be identified and measured, traits that differ from person to person
the transmission of traits from one generation to the next
degree of emotional instability or stability
A personality descriptor indicating the quiet and reserved nature of some individuals.
how outgoing, talkative, sociable, and assertive a person is
An individual's belief that he or she is capable of performing a task.
psychoanalytic defense mechanism by which people refuse to believe or even to perceive painful realities.
psychoanalytic defense mechanism by which people disguise their own threatening impulses by attributing them to others
unconditional positive regard
according to Rogers, an attitude of total acceptance toward another person
Ability of a test to yield very similar scores for the same individual over repeated testings
the science of behavior that focuses on observable behavior only
one's perception of whom one should be or would like to be
a reservoir of unconscious psychic energy that, according to Freud, strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives. Operates on the pleasure principle, demanding immediate gratification.
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