Terms in this set (28)
Federalism protects against ______
division of power between the national and state governments
What are the three types of federal powers
Expressed, implied, inherent
What are expressed powers?
powers directly stated in the constitution
ex of expressed powers
Congress has power to
a) lay and collect taxes
b) coin $
c) regulate commerce
d) declare war
e) raise & maintain armed forces
What are implied powers?
Powers not specifically mentioned in the constitution (reasonably suggested)
ex of implied powers
The elastic clause; draft & minimum wage
What are inherent powers?
powers claimed by a president that are not expressed in the Constitution but are inferred from it ( "bc it's the national government")
ex of inherent powers
Acquire territory ( eminent domain)
Which amendment gives states the right to reserved powers?
10th ( ex: speed limit & public school)
What are exclusive powers?
Powers that can only be exercised by the national government
What are concurrent powers?
powers shared by the state and federal government
What is the supremacy clause?
Constitution is the supreme law of the land
Who decides conflict between national government and the states?
Supreme Court & federal government
Ex of national government getting involved in state business
50's ( all races have right to education) & national disasters
Each state is guaranteed a ___ government
How are new states admitted?
1. Enabling act ( state proposes state constitution)
2. Act of admission ( congress agrees & president signs into union)
What is cooperative federalism?
When national and state governments both work on common policy areas (law enforcement, immigration, etc.)
What are the pros and cons of in-aid programs
Pros: gives money where it doesn't exist
Cons: gives the national government influence
Federal grants for specific purposes, such as building an airport ( strings attached)
federal grants-in-aid that allow states considerable discretion in how the funds are spent (ie. health care)
Federal categorical grants given for specific purposes and awarded on the basis of the merits of applications ( ie. supports research& fbi assists local police)
Ex of state aid to federal
Local election officials hold elections
a written agreement between two or more states with common interests ( ie. Port authority of NY and New Jersey & Colorado river compact)
What 7 states are in the Colorado river compact?
Colorado, Wyoming, New Mexico, Utah, Nevada, Arizona, California
full faith and credit
A clause in Article IV of the Constitution requiring each state to recognize the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of all other states.
The legal process by which a fugitive from justice in one state is returned to that state
privileges and immunities
States are prohibited from unreasonably discriminating against residents of other states (article 4)
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