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62 terms

Mideterm 1

chapters 1, 3, and 4
STUDY
PLAY
information society
the exchange of information is the predominant economic activity
mass communication
one-to-many, with limited audience feedback
digital
computer readable information formatted in 1s and 0s
analog
communication that uses continuously varying signals corresponding to the light or sounds originating by the source
channel
an electronic or mechanical system that links the source to the receiver
Copyright
the legal right to control intellectual property
convergence
the integration of mass media, computers, and telecommunications
offshoring
the export of jobs to other countries
information sector
the economy includes broadcasting, publishing, telecommunications, internet, and computer software industries
Telecommunications Act of 1996
federal legislation that deregulated the communications media
digital divide
the gap in internet usage between rich and poor, Anglos and minorities
interactive communication
uses feedback to modify a message as it is presented
Source-Message-Channel-Receiver
model of communication describes the exchange of information as the message passes from the source to the channel to the receiver, with feedback to the source
Gatekeepers
decide what will appear in the media
communication
is an exchange of meaning
mediated
refers to communication transmitted through an electronic or mechanical channel
asynchronous
media are not consumed simultaneously by all members of the audience
narrowcasting
targets media to specific segments of the audience
blog
shorter for Web log, a personal home page with commentary addressed to the Web audience
Novels
extended fictional works, usually of book length
Literacy
the ability to read and understand a variety of information
Almanacs
book-length collections of useful facts, calendars, and advice
subscription libraries
lend books to the public for a fee
Miscellanies
magazines with a wide variety of contents
Woodcuts
used to make illustrations by carving a picture in a block of wood, inking it, and pressing it onto paper
Dime novels
inexpensive paperback noels of the nineteenth century
genres
types or formats of media content
muckraking
journalism that 'rakes up the muck' of corruption and scandal
newsmagazines
weekly magazines focused on news and analysis
desktop publishing
process of editing, laying our, and inserting photos using a desktop computer
computer-to-plate technology
transfers page images composed inside a computer directly to printing plates
print-on-demand technology
prints books only when they are ordered by customers
backlist books
not actively promoted but are still in print
audio books
printed booked narrated onto CDs
shovelware
when publishers simply put their printed news online with no multimedia
consumer magazines
contain general interest topics
trade magazines
targeted toward a particular profession
conglomerates
made up of diverse parts from across several media industries
intellectual property
a creative work that belongs to a legally protected owner
censorship
the prohibition of certain media contents by government, religious, or other societal authorities
Corantos
irregular news sheets that appeared around 1600
datelines
appear at the beginning of a story and note the location of a story if it happens
marketplace of ideas
the concept that the truth and the best ideas will win out in competition
libel
harmful and untruthful written criticism that damages someone
seditious speech
undermines the government
Penny Press
daily newspapers that sold for one cent
wire services
supply news to multiple publications; they were named originally for their use of telegraph wires
new journalism
the investigative reporting of the nineteenth century
yellow journalism
the sensationalistic reporting of the nineteenth century
objectivity
having the news story be free of biases and opinions
social responsibility model
calls on journalists to monitor the ethics of their own writing
convergence
happens when news organizations share different formats of information for multimedia news
videotex
used phone lines to transmit digital news for display on TVs or early desktop computers
teletext
uses cable or broadcast signals to transmit digital news for display on TV
shopper
a community newspaper that contains less than 25 percent editorial content and is mostly ads
local market monopoly
the domination of one or more local markets by one company
hard news
coverage of recent events, such as accidents and crime
joint operation agreements
allow competing newspapers to share resources while maintaining editorial independence
plagiarism
using the ideas of another without citation
fabrication
made up information, which is lying
anonymous source
published information with no reliable source named
tabloids
newspapers focused on popular, sensational events