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Organisms tend to repeat responses that result in positive outcomes; they tend not to repeat responses that lead to neutral or negative responses
the simultaneous treatment of several clients in a group. 4-15 people, less expensive, groups' members function as therapists for each other
involves application of the principle of learning to direct efforts to change clients' maladaptive behavior. Based on research from B.F. Skinner, Hans Eysenck, and Joseph Wolpe- Includes systematic desensitization, aversion therapy, and social skills training
describes the actions or operations that will be used to measure or control a variable
a periodical that publishes technical and scholarly material, usually in a narrowly defined area of inquiry
class of disorders marked by fragmentation of thought processes including delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech and deterioration of adaptive behavior - may be caused by an increased amount of dopamine
method in which the investigator manipulates a variable under carefully controlled conditions and observes any changes that occur in a second variable result
Neurological disorders marked by involuntary writhing and tic-like movements of the mouth, tongue, and face - Side effect of antipsychotic drugs
gradually elevate mood and help bring people out of depression. Takes 1-2 weeks to reduce symptoms
a process in which neurotransmitters are sponged up from the synaptic cleft by the presynaptic neuron
a type of learning in which a stimulus acquires the capacity to evoke a response that was originally evoked by another stimulus
occurs when a response is strengthened because it is followed by the removal of an aversion (unpleasant) stimulus (torture)
meaning a limited number of symbols can be combined in an infinite variety of ways to generate and endless array of meaning
Skinner's language learning principle
children learn language the same way as they learn everything else: imitation, reinforcement, and shaping
third stage of prenatal development, lasting from two months through birth. Capable of movement at this stage
Appraisal of stressful events
subjective, what may be stressful to you is not to someone else and vice versa. 3 types: approach - approach, avoid - approach, avoid -avoid
recurrent attacks of overwhelming anxiety that usually occur suddenly or unexpectedly
formerly known as manic-depressive, it is marked by the experience of both depressive and manic periods
Clients engage in complex verbal interaction with their therapists with the goal being to pursue increased insight regarding their problems and to sort through possible solutions
are physicians who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders. They prescribe drugs as well
specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders and full-fledges mental disorders
when clients spontaneously express their thoughts and feeling exactly as they occur with as little censorship as possible
refers to largely unconscious defensive maneuvers intended to hinder the progress of therapy
when clients start relating to therapists in ways that mimic critical relationships in their life
created by Carl Roger, an insight therapy that emphasizes providing a supportive emotional climate for clients who play a major role in determining the pace and direction of their therapy
an insight therapy that emphasizes recognizing negative thoughts and maladaptive beliefs.
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