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the branch of government that interprets the laws and determines whether they are constitutional


in government person who runs the government and sees that the laws are carried out


the branch of government that makes the laws

Balance of Powers

Different powers are delegated between the three branches of government to ensure evenly distributed power.

Separation of Powers

The division of power among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government

Checks and Balances

A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power

House of Representatives

As described in Article I of the US Constitution, this is one part of the bicameral (two-part) legislature whose members are elected according to the number of people in each state, at a minimum age of 25 years, for a term of two years.


Composed of two legislative bodies


this side of the legislative branch has an equal number of representatives from each state; term-6 years; number of members-100; requirements- must be 30 and a U.S. citizen for 4 years; leaders- Vice President, duties- represent each state.


The document which established the present federal government of the United States and outlined its powers. It can be changed through amendments.

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