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Human Cap in Orgs Ch. 6
Terms in this set (13)
Key beliefs of Maslow's theory of motivation
Motivation occurs when people try to satisfy their unmet needs
2 major categories of needs
- Lower needs = satisfies external, logical and safety needs.
- Higher needs = Progression through a hierarchy of needs.
(acceptance, self-actualization/esteem, social belonging)
Which tenant of his research has been refuted?
Fulfilling lower order needs, required before fulfill higher needs
Intrinsic vs Extrinsic Motivation
Intrinsic motivation = comes from within, can be as simple as joy one feels after accomplishing challenging task.
- Best for = cognitive tasks
Extrinsic motivation = driven by external forces such as money/praise
- Best for = repetitive tasks
When motivation changes from intrinsic to extrinsic
it decreases performance
Strength of a tendency to act depends on =
- strength of expectation
- attractiveness of outcome to individual
People compare efforts:
- they put into a task/rewards vs effort/rewards of others.
Whether employees perceive that the organization is fair or not.
4 Dimensions of Justice
1. Distributive justice = fairness, how rewards/resources, distributed across an organization.
2. Procedural justice = fairness, how decisions reached/how outcomes are determined.
3. Interpersonal justice = fairness, how people interact/are treated.
4. Informational justice = fairness, what info is used/communicated in org.
Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory
Motivating factors (Sustained motivation only occur from imp. in these areas) =
- advancement opportunities
Hygiene factors (serve to motivate but motiv. power is short lived.) =
- organizational policies.
- working conditions
- quality of supervisor
How does Herzberg's theory of motivation differ from other theories?
Most widely approaches to motivation = Herzberg two-factor theory.
Describes motivation = two dimensional.
Person = becomes completely engaged in the activity at hand.
When experience flow:
- activity feels effortless
- person feels mastery over the task
Talent management programs =
- integrate various HR/motivational efforts
- exist across an org. into a comprehensive org. strategy.
Most programs = encompass few key characteristics:
- efforts to develop new skills
- set goals/have new work experiences.
Complex incentive systems = designed to motivate, retain and attract talent.
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