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Alpacas test 1
Terms in this set (68)
Alpaca Zoological Classification
Species: V. pacos
Llama Zoological Classification
Species: L. glama
adult female, usually used for breeding
Adult male, intact
neonate up to one year
camelid from 1-2 years of age
way to vocalize to each other
a high jump/gait when all 4 feet off the ground
60-90 per minute
10-30 per minute
Llamas: 280 to 450 lb
Alpaca: 150 to 185 lb
Alpacas: 20- 25 years
Llamas: about 20 years
Originated in South America
Live in high, dry mountain areas, elevations 10-14,000 ft.
Fiber comes in 22 natural colors
Spit happens when threatened, angry, frustrated or scared, usually last resort
Originated in South America
Live around 20 years
Used as pack or guard animals for sheep, goats, and alpacas
Fiber is only used for animals protection from the weather
Spit happens, really whenever they want to
Like to be independent
The three sections of alpacas' forestomachs are called
C-1, C-2 and C 3
located on the animals left side, is the largest (and first) compartment; it makes up roughly 80% of the stomach's total volume, secretes no digestive enzymes
where some absorption of nutrient occurs
is a tubular organ on the right side of the abdomen. The last 1/5 of this tube contains true gastric glands, sometimes called the true stomach. Being stressed can develop ulcers
Short fibers are Fleece like chasmear and water proof
Very thick whool
Dreadlocks like fibers
More desired fleece
Type of estrous cycle
Age of female at puberty
Alpaca 1yr, Llama 6-12 months
Age of male at puberty
Alpaca and Llama 2-3 years
Time of first breeding Alpaca and Llama
Estrus cycle frequency
Duration of estrus
Time of ovulation
Optimal time of breeding
1-2, twins more common in llamas
Parturition stage 1
Last 1-6 hrs
Female will take frequent vistes to the poop pile
Lots of humming
Lots of restless activities
Parturition stage 2
Last 20-30 minutes no more than an hour
Will not like the cria/baby
Parturition stage 3
Lasts 1-6 hours
Retained placentas are rare, don't eat it
Baby getting up and move
3 things that can go wrong
Baby not position properly
Poor cervical dilation
Uterine torsion, tarring of uterus
Dental problems often include
Tooth Root Abscesses
2(I1/3, C1/1, PM1/1, M2-3/2-3)
Sensitive to copper
can be a problem especially with mineral blocks in pastures
failure to thrive in crias
High Neck Jugular Technique
Head perpendicular to cervical vertebrae.
Draw a line along the tendon, and insert the needle just dorsal and caudal; insert where the two lines connect.
18-20 - gauge x 1 1/2" needle
Low Neck Jugular Technique
Just medial to enlarged transverse process of the sixth cervical vertebrae
Avoid the carotid artery
ARTERIAL BLOOD SAMPLE COLLECTED FROM THIS SITE.
18-20 - gauge x 1 1/2" needle
Same area used for low neck jugular venipuncture.
Right jugular is more easier to hit than there left
Tube placed in interdental space.
Advanced to the caudal aspect of the mouth and inserted.
May regurgitate during tube placement.
If happens remove tube and start over.
Be careful not to get meds in check pouch, laserations will happen
Tip there head back
Just cranial to the shoulder and caudal to the elbow.
used on sheep, goats, and camelids to determine the amount, if any, of anemia they are experiencing from the Barber Pole Worm.
pull down their eyelids to see the mucous membranes and use the card for a number.
Patients younger than 4 months should not
Patients older than 4 months
-Usually do not attempt to stand until fully awake and functional
-Sternal recumbency, Helps to prevent gas, and drain cud
-Extubate after chewing activity with the endotracheal cuff inflated
-Nasal edema, Most common issue, reaction swelling in the nostrils
Performed around 2 years of age.
Standing or recumbent position
like a dog neuter
Lateral recumbency with one leg tied up
Confinement of the male to small pen for 2-3 days.
Most commonly preformed via ventral midline laparotomy or paralumbar fossa.
Removal of the placenta at the time of cesarean section often causes hemorrhage but the placenta is expected to pass within 48-72 hours.
Caused by clostridium
Development of the disease is sporadic
-When an animal that is harboring this organism has an injury resulting in an open wound and bruising it creates the perfect anaerobic environment for it to thrive.
CS: Necrotic muscle surround an open wound or injury that has a bad smell
Treatable if caught early
-NSAIDs and Penicillins
Caused by Leptospira (spirochete)
by infected urine or urine contaminated environment, Live in water soil 130 days, Can live in urine for 118 days
CS: Still birth, septicemia, hemoglobin urine, weak neonates fail to thrive and reduce to fertility
-abortion "storm", All animals are aborting their fetus
Dx: Necropsy- swollen dark kidneys, Serum sampling
Caused by Clostridium tetani
CS: Extreme stiffness
Most common cause is infected wounds
-Punctures from rusty metal, nail, dirt or manure that is introduced into a wound, Umbilical cords
Bovine Virus Diarrhea
Caused by Flaviviridae virus
Transmitted in secretions and excretions of infected cattle
-If it occurs first 4 month of pregnancy the baby will be absorbed or aborted, if born the baby will be a life carryer of the virus
CS: oral erosion
Dx: Whole blood
Vaccinate to prevent
Reportable to the state
caused by herpesvirus
causes respiratory distress, abortion and in some cases neurological symptoms
CS: mucopurulent nasal discharge, lymphadenopathy and coughing
Neurological signs- ataxia, fever, loss of anal tone, tail paralysis, urinary incontinence
Dx: post mortem
Tx: isolate infected and supportive care of respiratory symptoms-neurological form is always fatal
Needs to be reported to state
Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis
Caused by a herpes virus
Leads to respiratory disease
CS: fever, ocular discharge, mucopurulent nasal discharge, conjunctivitis, depression, cough, and dyspnea
Commonly called "red nose" due to inflammation of nostrils
Secondary bacterial infections are common
Dx: clinical signs
Tx: symptoms of secondary infections
Ovine Enzootic Abortions
Cause by Chlamydia
Spread by contact with uterine discharge, fetus and placenta
Female can infect male during breeding then male spreads to all other females he breeds
Leads to abortion of cria
Immune response of dam 3 months post abortion eliminates
Starts in whitetail deer.
-Dear to slug to cammalid
Must have an injection of Ivermectin monthly to prevent.
Causes sever inflammation of CNS
Death 30-60 days of digestion
Dectomax commonly used
-Crias at 3-6 months.
-Given yearly to adults in endemic areas.
-Clostridium C&D and Tetanus
-Given yearly to all
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