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70 terms

Key STAAR Terms

This set of vocabulary terms are commonly seen in STAAR question stems, as well as key academic terminology.
STUDY
PLAY
Suggest
To imply or propose
Imply
A speaker or writer suggests an idea without expressing it outright or directly
Convey
To make an idea or feeling known
Describe
Give a detailed account or picture of a situation, event, pattern, or process
Figurative Language
Ideas beyond the literal meaning of words. Ex: metaphor, extended metaphor, personification, or hyperbole
Diction
A writer's or speaker's choice of words
Purpose
Intent
Setting
The context in time and place in which the action of a story occurs
Conflict
A struggle between opposing forces. Man vs. Man, Man vs. society, Man vs. himself and Man vs. nature
Analyze
Break down in order to bring out the essential elements or structure
Primarily
Mainly
Message
Expressed information
Depict
To give a picture of; to describe
Theme
A unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work
Characterization
How the author describes the character
Illustrate
To make clear by examples or pictures
Reveal
To make known
Similarity
Being alike
Common
Being alike
Difference
Contrast
Irony
A contrast between expectation and reality
Alliteration
Repetition of consonant sounds
Sarcasm
Bitter, caustic language that is meant to hurt or ridicule someone or something
Simile
A comparison using like or as
Metaphor
A comparison without using like or as
Allude
To refer to casually or indirectly
Allusion
A reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, or work of art
Extended Metaphor
A metaphor developed at great length, occurring frequently in or throughout a work
Rhyme Scheme
Arrangements of rhymes in a poem or stanza
Enhance
To improve
Develop
To grow, expand
Attitude
A feeling or opinion about something or someone
Tone
A writer's attitude toward his or her subject matter revealed through diction, figurative language, and organization on the sentence, etc.
Justify
Give valid reasons or evidence to support an answer or conclusion
Summary
A brief account giving the main points of a text
Paraphrase
The act or process of restating or rewording
Support
Back up with details
Conclude
Form an opinion based on evidence
Analogy
A comparison of two different things that are alike in some way
Emphasize
To give special attention to something, to stress
Explain
Give a detailed account providing examples; explore the causes and effects, etc.; to clarify
Function
A role or purpose
Reflects
Shows
Mood
Feeling or atmosphere that a writer creates for the reader
Definition
A statement that gives the meaning of a term
Interpret
Find meaning
Symbolism
A symbol is anything that stands for or represents something else. A symbol has meaning its own meaning but also represents another idea
Explore
To examine, search, or investigate
Personification
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
Shift
Switch or change usually in perspective, feeling, or attitude
Evoke
To bring out, or call out
Passive Voice
In this verb form, the subject of the sentence receives the action denoted by the verb. Always consists of a form of "to be" plus the past participle of the verb
Syntax
Sentence structure/ arrangement
Contrasts
Highlight differences
Author
Writer of a book, article, report, etc.
Narrator
A person, or character, who tells the accounts of a story, or a poem
Perspective
View of the situation or events in the story
Foreshadows
Indication of future events
Imagery
Description or language that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)
Clarify
To make clear or easier to understand
Exemplify
To illustrateor show by being an example of
Substantiate
To support with evidence or proof
Explore
To examine or study
Transition
A word or phrase that links one idea to the next and carries the reader from sentence to sentence, paragraph to paragraph
Improve
To enhance or make better
Effective
Successful
Appropriate
Suitable for the situation or task; proper; correct
Characterize
To describe (with qualities or traits)
Portray
To describe (with words); to make likeness of (draw or visual representation of)
Refer
To mention or allude to