Upgrade to remove ads
Arts and Humanities
Chapter 10 Prentice Hall World History Vocab
Terms in this set (31)
Founder of Islam, considered the greatest prophet in Islam
Arabian commercial center; dominated by the Quraysh; the home of Muhammad and the future center of Islam.
A city Muhammad and his followers visited after death threats to Muhammad (later named Medina)
The Migration of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina in A.D. 622, marking the founding of Islam
City in western Arabia to which the Prophet Muhammad and his followers emigrated in 622 to escape persecution in Mecca
(Islam) a black stone building in Mecca that is shaped like a cube and that is the most sacred Muslim pilgrim shrine
Book composed of divine revelations made to the Prophet Muhammad between ca. 610 and his death in 632; the sacred text of the religion of Islam.
Muslim house of worship
A pilgrimage to Mecca, performed as a duty by Muslims
A holy struggle or striving by a Muslim for a moral or spiritual or political goal
Body of Islamic law that includes interpretation of the Quran and applies Islamic principles to everyday life
Companion of 1st muslim leader after Muhammad. Regarded by Sunni's as the 1st caliph and rightful succesor. The Shi'ah regard him as a traitor of Muhammad. Known as best interpretter of dreams following Muhammad's death.
A supreme political and religious leader in a Muslim government
A group of Islamic religion that believes that its religious leader should be chosen based on heredity.
A branch of Islam whose members acknowledge the first four caliphs as the rightful successors of Muhammad
A mystical Muslim group that believed they could draw closer to God through prayer, fasting, and a simple life
Clan of Quraysh that dominated politics and commercial economy of Mecca; clan later able to establish dynasty as rulers of Islam
A dynasty that ruled much of the Muslim Empire from 750 to about 1250.
Capital city of Iraq. As heart of the Arab Empire, it was second only to Constantinople in terms of size and grandeur in 1000 C.E.
Tower attached to a Muslim mosque, having one or more projecting balconies from which a crier calls Muslims to prayer.
Military and political leader with absolute authority over a Muslim country
Movement of individuals or groups from one position in a society's stratification system to another
wrote in Persian using Arabic script, his masterpiece the Shah Namah, or Book of Kings telling the history of Persia;
scholar, astronomer, Rubaiyat for his 4-line poems
Art of beautiful handwriting
Muslim philosopher who blended Aristotle and Plato's views with Islam
Arab historian. He developed an influential theory on the rise and fall of states. Born in Tunis, he spent his later years in Cairo as a teacher and judge. In 1400 he was sent to Damascus to negotiate the surrender of the city.
muslim mathematician who created the technique of "al-jabr" or algebra
the head physician of Baghdad's chief hospital, wrote many books including on measles and small pox, challenged and accepted medical practices
The famous Islamic scientist and philosopher who organized the medical knowledge of the Greeks and Arabs into the Canon of Medicine
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Prentice Hall World History Chapter 4 Vocabulary
The Holy Roman Empire and the Church - World Histo…
Prentice Hall World History Chapter 5 vocab
8.2 The Holy Roman Empire and the Church
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
AP world chapter 13 megan swett
ap world history ch. 6 stearns
APWH STEARNS CH. 6 VOCAB
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Module 15: Oxygenation (Gas Exchange)
Art 101 test 1