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Unit 7: The Cold War Begins & the Eisenhower Era, 1945-1960 Part 1
Terms in this set (15)
George F. Kennan
An American advisor, diplomat, political scientist, and historian, best known as "the father of containment" and as a key figure in the emergence of the Cold War. He later wrote standard histories of the relations between Russia and the Western powers.
(1893-1976) Leader of the Communist Party in China that overthrew Jiang Jieshi and the Nationalists. Established China as the People's Republic of China and ruled from 1949 until 1976. Killed more people than both Stalin and Hitler.
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
Communists who received international attention when they were executed having been found guilty of conspiracy to commit espionage in relation to passing information on the American atomic bomb to the Soviet Union. The plans to the first American atomic bomb were given to SOviet Union via a spy.
FDR, Churchill and Stalin met at Yalta. Russia agreed to declare war on Japan after the surrender of Germany and in return FDR and Churchill promised the USSR concession in Manchuria and the territories that it had lost in the Russo-Japanese War.
Act passed in 1947 that put increased restrictions on labor unions. Also, it allowed states to pass "right to work" laws: prohibited "union" shop (= workers must join union after being hired). It also prohibited secondary boycotts and established that the President has power to issue injections in strikes that endangered national health & safety ("cooling off" period).
International organization founded in 1945 to promote world peace and cooperation. It replaced the League of Nations. It has lasted into the present day.
UN Security Council
A body of five great powers (which can veto resolutions) and ten rotating member states, which makes decisions about international peace and security including the dispatch of UN peacekeeping forces.
Communist nations in Eastern Europe on friendly terms with the USSR and thought of as under the USSR's control. These were established with communist and Soviet rule immediately following the end of WWII.
A U.S. foreign policy adopted by President Harry Truman in the late 1940s, in which the United States tried to stop the spread of communism by creating alliances and helping weak countries to resist Soviet advances.
A political barrier that isolated the peoples of Eastern Europe after WWII, restricting their ability to travel outside the region. Phrase was first coined by Winston Churchill during a speech in the United States.
A conflict that was between the US and the Soviet Union. The nations never directly confronted each other on the battlefield, but tension and deadly threats went on for years.
1947, President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology, mainly helped Greece and Turkey. This aid was given to capitalist countries.
A plan that the US came up with to revive war-torn economies of Europe. This plan offered $13 billion in aid to western and Southern Europe. By providing Europe with care and support, rather than brutality and control, the U.S. won over Western Europe.
Joint effort by the US and Britian to fly food and supplies into W Berlin after the Soviet blocked off all ground routes into the city. This is one prime example of the tensions and actions during the Cold War.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization. An alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country. It is made up of the U.S., England, France, Canada, and other Western European countries.